国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷445含答案解析

国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷445

图片判断

1.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

2.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

3.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

4.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

5.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

6.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

7.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

8.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

对话理解

9.(C)

A. Yes, I have.

B. Wait a moment.

C. It’s my pleasure.

解析:

10.(A)

A. Yes, I have.

B. Yes, I’ll have a holiday.

C. What about you?

解析:

11.(C)

A. All right.

B. Up to you.

C. It doesn’t matter.

解析:

12.(B)

A. Yes, she likes swimming.

B. No, she doesn’t.

C. No, she isn’t.

解析:

13.(A)

A. Chess.

B. Job.

C. Friend.

解析:

14.(A)

A. Exercise.

B. Yes, I’d love to.

C. No, you can’t miss it.

解析:

15.(C)

A. Exercise.

B. Walking.

C. Fruits and vegetables.

解析:

16.(A)

A. Platform 3.

B. No. K49.

C. Yes, you can.

解析:

17.(A)

A. I’ll stay at home.

B. A good idea.

C. No, I won’t go there.

解析:

18.(B)

A. Sorry, I still have some work.

B. Thanks. I’d like to.

C. No, I’m busy.

解析:

Where are they talking?

19.(B)

A. This hat is very beautiful.

B. This hat is not so beautiful.

C. This hat is beautiful except the color.

解析:

20.(A)

A. Yes.

B. No.

C. We don’t know.

解析:

21.(C)

A. Seven.

B. Six.

C. Five.

解析:

22.(B)

A. Both the man and his parents.

B. The man’s parents.

C. The man.

解析:

Who is the shortest of the three girls?

23.(B)

A. Li Ming’s.

B. Xiao Hong’s.

C. We don’t know.

解析:

24.(C)

A. A student.

B. A teacher.

C. A driver.

解析:

25.(A)

A. The homework is too difficult.

B. The man has finished his homework.

C. They both have finished the homework.

解析:

26.(B)

A. Canada.

B. America.

C. England.

解析:

对话应答

听力大题型

27.______ of my parents was well-educated, they both left school when they were 13.(B)

A. Both

B. Neither

C. Either

解析:句意:“我爸爸妈妈都没受过很好的教育。他们都是在13岁就离开学校了。”本题考查的是不定代词的用法。both表示“两者都有”,either表示“两者之一”,neither表示“两者均不”。根据后半句题意,前半句为否定,所以选B。

28.—Where is Li Lei? —He______Shanghai.(A)

A. has gone to

B. has been to

C. went to

解析:句意:“李磊去哪儿了?”“他去上海了。”本题考查的是现在完成时的用法。现在完成时态表示一个过去的动作在过去已经完成,但对现在还有影响或结果。has gone to意为“已经去了,还没回来”。has been to意为“去过了某地,但现在并不在那儿”。根据题意,应该选A。

29.He has never been to Paris,______?(B)

A. hasn’t he

B. has he

C. doesn’t he

解析:句意:“他从来没去过巴黎,是吗?”本题考查的是反意疑问句的用法。反意疑问句即附加疑问句,由两部分组成:前一部分是一个陈述句,后一部分是一个简短的疑问句,两部分的人称时态应保持一致。反意疑问句是前肯后否,前否后肯。但是如果陈述部分含有never,hardly,no,nothing等具有否定意义的词,应将该句视为否定句,其反问部分要用肯定式。因此选B。

30.You _____see her, but I must.(C)

A. haven’t

B. mustn’t

C. needn’t

解析:句意:“你不需要见她,但我必须见。”本题考查的是情态动词的用法。have not是“还没有”的意思,must是“必须”的意思,否定式mustn’t表示“禁止”,即不许对方做某事。need是“需要”的意思,否定式needn’t表示“没必要”。根据题意.应选C。

31.This island is______a dependency(属地)to US.(A)

A. no longer

B. no more

C. not any more

解析:句意:“这个岛不再是美国的属地了。”本题考查的是固定搭配。“no longer”是“不再”的意思,故A正确。

32.—Can I help you? —Well, I’ m afraid the box is______heavy for you, but thank you all the same.(C)

A. so

B. much

C. too

解析:句意:——需要帮忙吗?——嗯,恐怕这个箱子对你来说太重了。不过还是谢谢你。本题考查的是副词的用法。too+形容词+for sb.意为“对某人来说什么东西太怎么样了”。so用于so...that句型中,表示相同含义。much没有这种用法。因此正确答案是C。

33.You should always______some time practicing English if you want to make progress.(B)

A. take

B. spend

C. use

解析:句意:“如果想进步的话,你应该经常花时间练练英语。”本题考查的是动词的用法。“sb.spend some time in doing sth.”是固定结构,in-可以省略,表示“某人花时间做某事”。故B正确。

34.Sorry, dear! I have some work to do tonight. Can we change our plan to______?(B)

A. the other day

B. another day

C. other days

解析:句意:“对不起,亲爱的!今天晚上我要上作。我们的计划能不能改天啊?”本题考查的是固定搭配。the other day意为“不久前某一天”;another day意为“改天,改日”;没有other days这个说法。根据题意,选B。

35.Would you please buy some milk, David? There______in the fridge.(C)

A. aren’t many

B. are very few

C. isn’t much

解析:句意:“大卫,你能去买些牛奶吗?冰箱里剩的不多了。”本题考查的是不可数名词的用法。因为milk是不可数名词,所以谓语动词用单数。故C正确。

36.This task is too difficult. I think we’ d better turn ______ him for help.(A)

A. to

B. of

C. from

解析:句意:“这个任务太困难了。我们最好去找他帮忙。”本题考查的是固定搭配。“turn to sb.for help.”意为“向某人求助”。因此根据题意,A选项是正确的。

37.—Would you mind if I sit beside you for a while? —______.(C)

A. No, thanks

B. Yes, please

C. Of course not

解析:句意:——你介意我在你旁边坐一会儿吗?——当然不。本题考查的是情景对话。mind作动词,意为“介意,反对”,C项表示“不介意”,根据题意选C。

38.He said that he remembered______the door when he came out.(B)

A. to lock

B. locking

C. locked

解析:句意:“他说他记得出来的时候把门锁上了。”本题考查的是remember的用法。remember to do sth.意为“记得要做某事,但是事情还没做”:remember doing sth.“记得做过某事”。因此B选项正确。

39.Would you please give a______to Mr. Liu, telling him to come here for a meeting?(A)

A. message

B. note

C. letter

解析:句意:“你能帮我带个口信给刘先生,告诉他过来开会吗?”本题考查固定搭配。give a message to sb.是“带口信儿给某人”的意思,所以A正确。

40.My sister is three years______than me.(A)

A. younger

B. youngest

C. young

解析:句意:“我的妹妹比我小三岁。”本题考查的是形容词比较级的用法。young的比较级是younger,最高级是youngest。两者之间的比较应该是比较级,故A正确。

41.He has to learn to use chopsticks,______he married a Chinese wife.(B)

A. though

B. since

C. if

解析:句意:“他要学着怎么用筷子,因为他娶了一个中国老婆。”本题考查的是连词的用法。though引导让步状语从句,表示“虽然…但是”的意思。since引导原因状语从句,表示“既然”。If引导条件状语从句,表示“如果”。根据句意,B正确。

完型填空

Indians always shake(摇)their heads they talk to others.【C1】______does not have the same meaning【C2】______\

42.【C1】(A)

A. It

B. She

C. That

解析:考查代词。it代指前面一句话,即“印度人与别人说话的时候总是摇头”这件事情。

43.【C2】(C)

A. for

B. like

C. as

解析:考查固定短语。the same…as…意为“跟…一样”。

44.【C3】(B)

A. you

B. he

C. they

解析:考查代词。he指代上文的someone。someone指“某人”,是单数。

45.【C4】(C)

A. and

B. but

C. or

解析:考查连词。or=or else=otherwise,“否则”。

46.【C5】(B)

A. wanted

B. told

C. showed

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。这里应是“当他叫司机送他去办公室的时候”。tell sb.to do sth.“告诉某人做某事”。根据上下文,这里“叫司机送他…”比“想要司机送他…”更好。

47.【C6】(C)

A. car

B. visitor

C. head

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。文章第一句是主题句,全文说的是“印度人摇头”的问题。

48.【C7】(A)

A. did

B. repeated

C. asked

解析:考查动词的替代。did代上文提过的动词shook(his head)。为避免动词的重复,可用do代替动词。

49.【C8】(A)

A. angry

B. surprised

C. worried

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。该外国人以为印度人摇头是表示“拒绝”,所以他“很生气”。

50.【C9】(C)

A. Who

B. Why

C. How

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。本句意为“你怎么敢…”。

51.【C10】(A)

A. with

B. as

C. on

解析:考查介词。用某种声音说话,用介词with。

英语知识运用大题型

理解判断

Internet(因特网)use seems to cause a decline(下降)in psychological(心理的)health, which is reported by a study.

Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet felt more depression(沮丧)and loneliness than those who spent little time on the Internet, the two-year study showed. And it wasn’ t that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet, but that using the Internet seems to cause the bad feelings.

Scientists are surprised at the results, which were quite different from what they thought before. They thought that the Internet would make people psychologically healthier than TV, since on the Internet users are free to choose their information and to communicate(交流)with others.

However, the scientists also said, when people spend a lot of time or even all the day time on the Internet, there is no time left for them to be with their family and friends. They can’t have real conversations. Another possible reason is that people can see the outside world on the Internet and it makes them less satisfied(满意的)with their lives.

\

52.Internet use seems to be bad for people’s psychological health.(A)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:这一道题目的意思实际上就是文章中第一句“Internet useseems to cause a decline in psychological health”所要表示的意思。

53.People are free to choose their information when watching TV.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章第三段说因特网比电视对心理更健康,因为人们可以在网上自由选择信息,由此可见,人们不能在电视上自由选择信息。

54.The more time you spend on the Internet, the less time you are with your family and friends.(A)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:第四段说的是上网减少了人们与家人和朋友相处的时间,故A选项是正确的。

55.People are not satisfied with their lives so they spend lots of time on the Internet.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:第四段“Another possible reason is that people can see theoutside world on the Internet and it makes them less satisfied with theirlives.”的意思是通过互联网接触到外部世界使人们对自己的生活不满。

56.The scientists told people to use Internet less.(C)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章说明了因特网可能对心理健康有影响,但最后科学家也说了这不是网络本身的问题,因此文章并没有说要人们少用网络。

短文理解

Singapore(新加坡)is the name of an island on the south of Malaya. It is also the name of the city on the south side of this island. Singapore City is one of the world’ s greatest ports. It passes goods from all around the world. On most of the island the climate is hot and wet. Fruits, vegetables, and rubber(橡胶)are grown wherever land can be farmed.

Malaya is just above Singapore on the map. It is an important shipping center. Much of the rubber used in the world is from Malaya. Thick jungles(丛林)cover much of the country. On the little land they can farm, the people raise mostly rice.

India is on the west of Burma(缅甸). It is the seventh largest country in the world. And it has more people than any other country except China. India has deserts(沙漠), jungles, plains and mountains. People in India speak about one hundred and eighty languages. On their farms Indians grow wheat, vegetables, rice, and other foods, but they are not able to grow enough food to feed everyone.

57.Which country and its city have the same name?(B)

A. Burma.

B. Singapore.

C. India.

解析:由文章第一段可知答案。

58.Where is Burma?(B)

A. To the east of India.

B. On the east of India.

C. On the west of India.

解析:文中提到“印度在缅甸的两边”,所以缅甸在印度的东边。两国接壤,要用介词on;两国相邻但不接壤,用介词to。

59.Which is true about the three countries?(C)

A. They’re all on the sea.

B. They’re all very poor.

C. They all he in the south of Asia.

解析:根据常识可知答案。

60.How many languages do the people in India speak?(C)

A. One.

B. Two.

C. About 180.

解析:由文章最后—段倒数第二句话可知答案。

61.Which is the seventh largest country in the world?(A)

A. India.

B. Malaya.

C. Singapore.

解析:由文章第三段第二句话可知答案。

YOUR BUILDING SERVICE

√ We help people in this part of the city by:

* checking all plans(方案)before people build new houses or make changes to old ones;

* checking water pipes(管道);

* looking at any problem buildings and making sure that they are all right.

√ We check 980 building plans each year.

√ We look at 700 building places each month to see if things are going on well.

WHERE CAN YOU GET MORE DETAILS

√ The Building Service is at the City Hall, Kenton, CN1 6KJ. Telephone:676316 or 676317

√ We have office hours for people to come and talk about their problems.

HELP US TO HELP YOU

√ If you do building work, please think of other people.

√ Be nice to people living next door.

√ If you want to talk to us about your problems, please give as many details(细节)as possible.

√ If you see any building problems, please let us know right away.

WHAT YOU CAN DO IF THINGS GO WRONG

√ If you are not happy with us and have anything to say about the Building Service, please come, phone or write to The Planning Office, City Hall, Kenton, CN1 6KJ. Telephone:676317

62.How many building places does the Building Service look at each month to see if things are going on well?(A)

A. 700.

B. 900.

C. We don’t know.

解析:由文章第一部分最后…一句可知答案。

63.What is this text about?(C)

A. Using the City Hall.

B. Making telephone calls.

C. The building services in town.

解析:全文均是在讲城镇的建筑服务。

64.What should you do if you are making changes to your house?(B)

A. Check 700 plans to build new buildings.

B. Think carefully about those living near you.

C. Give enough details to the people next door.

解析:由文中的“If you do building work,please think of other people”可知答案。

65.Which part of the. text helps if you are angry about the Building Service?(C)

A. HELP US TO HELP YOU

B. YOUR BUILDING SERVICE

C. WHAT YOU CAN DO IF THINGS GO WRONG

解析:由文章最后一部分可知答案。

66.\(B)

A. sometimes your help is not necessary

B. you can make it easier for us to help

C. usually we cannot help you

解析:A、C显然不对,均排除。只有B符合文义。

阅读理解大题型

67.Many people went shopping yesterday. There were many people______yesterday.

in the shops/markets

解析:许多人去某地,即某地有许多人。

68.Jane spent 4 hours buying New Year gifts. It______Jane 4 hours to buy New Year gifts.

took 。

解析:sb.spend+时间doing sth.=it takes sb.+时间to do sth.某人花多少时间做某事。

69.She was so tired that she couldn’ t walk any longer. She was______tired______ walk any longer.

too:to

解析:so…that…can’t do=too…to do太…以至于不能…

书面表达

70.情景:

你有一台旧电脑想要卖掉。

任务:

请你用英语写一张50词左右的出售启事,说明:

你为什么要卖掉这台电脑;

电脑的情况以及你的要价;

有意者如何与你联系。

启事写在答题卡2上该题的序号后。请用下面格式。

A Second-hand Computer for Sale

Li Ming

May 5,2015

A Second-hand Computer for Sale

As I need a new computer, I want to sell my old one that was bought in 2006. It is still in good condition, but works a little slowly. I want to sell it at about 1,200 yuan. Anyone who is interested in it can call me to get more information. My telephone number is 45671230.

Li Ming

May 5, 2015

解析:

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