国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷444含答案解析

国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷444

图片判断

1.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

2.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

3.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

4.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

5.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

6.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

7.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

8.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

对话理解

9.(A)

A. Never mind.

B. I like this one.

C. It’s beautiful.

解析:

10.(B)

A. Never mind.

B. Yes, thank you.

C. Don’t mention it.

解析:

11.(C)

A. No problem.

B. You are so kind.

C. Yes, I’d like to.

解析:

12.(C)

A. Yes, I live here.

B. Yes, it’s the railway station.

C. 20 minutes’ walk.

解析:

13.(C)

A. I’d try it.

B. I think so.

C. I’d love to.

解析:

14.(B)

A. You can take No.6 bus.

B. It’s not yet eight.

C. It’s already ten o’clock.

解析:

15.(A)

A. You can take No.6 bus.

B. It is a long way to go.

C. You can go there.

解析:

16.(C)

A. She is reading.

B. She is tall.

C. She is a cashier at Moon Hotel.

解析:

17.(A)

A. I’m fine.

B. It’s Tuesday.

C. It’s raining.

解析:

18.(C)

A. Fine, thank you.

B. The same to you.

C. How do you do?

解析:

When did the film begin?

19.(A)

A. The woman is a stranger of the city.

B. The man knows the way to the post office.

C. The post office is far from here.

解析:

20.(A)

A. $ 3.

B. $ 2.5.

C. $ 5.

解析:

21.(B)

A. By bike.

B. On foot.

C. By bus.

解析:

22.(A)

A. A cup of coffee.

B. A cup of milk.

C. A cup of coffee and a cup of milk.

解析:

What does the man mean?

23.(C)

A. 3.

B. l.

C. 2.

解析:

24.(C)

A. Going shopping with the man.

B. Going shopping after finishing her homework.

C. Doing her homework at home.

解析:

25.(C)

A. A waitress.

B. A customer.

C. A shopkeeper.

解析:

26.(A)

A. Mrs. Green.

B. Miss Green.

C. Ms. Green.

解析:

对话应答

听力大题型

27.There______no books I want.(B)

A. is

B. are

C. have

解析:在There be句型中,动词be的单复数形式必须与主语的数保持一致,no books表示的是否定的含义,但还是复数形式,所以要用are。

28.My mother arrived______Beijing two days ago.(A)

A. in

B. at

C. on

解析:arrive后面接in的时候通常表示到达比较大的地方,而arriveat表示到达比较小的地方。

29.Give me the answer______the question.(C)

A. of

B. in

C. to

解析:句意为:给我问题的答案。answer后面用介词to。类似的用法还有“门上的钥匙the key to the door”等。

30.—How______do you visit your parents? —About three times a year.(C)

A. much

B. long

C. often

解析:由下句中的答语可知上句是对“某事发生的频率”的提问。how often是询问做事情的频率;how long是对一段时间进行提问;how much是对价格进行提问。

31.The teacher asked me to______some books here.(A)

A. bring

B. take

C. catch

解析:句意为:老师要我带些书来。bring是表示带到说话者的地方来;take是表示从说话者的地方带到别处去;catch没有方向性。

32.The doctor suggested______more exercise.(B)

A. to do

B. doing

C. do

解析:句意为:医生建议多做运动。suggest doing sth.建议做某事。suggest后还可接从句,当作“暗示”讲时,从句中应用虚拟语气,即should+动词原形,should可以省略。

33.I know the boy______parents are dead.(C)

A. which

B. who

C. whose

解析:句意为:我认识那个父母双亡的小男孩。定语从句的关系词应该用who的所有格whose。

34.My mother is sleeping. Would you please______the radio?(B)

A. turn on

B. turn off

C. turn over

解析:句意为:我妈妈正在睡觉,你能把收音机关掉吗?turn on打开;turn off关上;turn over打翻,仔细考虑;另有turn up出现,到达;turn down开小,拒绝。

35.______Tom comes tomorrow, I shall ask him where he has been.(A)

A. When

B. While

C. As

解析:句意为:汤姆明天来的时候,我会问他去过哪里。when,while和as均可作连词引导时间状语从句,其区别如下:when表示“在…时,当…时”,指一个动作紧跟着另一个动作发生;while表示两个动作同时发生,持续时间较长;as表示就某一时刻两个动作同时发生,但持续时间较短,意为“一边…一边…”。

36.Three of us will go, and the rest______staying at home.(C)

A. will

B. is

C. are

解析:the rest表示“其余的部分”时,其谓语形式是由其所指代的内容来决定的。本题中the rest指代的是复数the rest students.所以其谓语动词也应该用复数。

37.She knows little English, ______she?(B)

A. don’t

B. does

C. doesn’t

解析:反意疑问句的疑问部分要与前面的陈述部分意义上相反,前面“little”表示否定,所以后面要用肯定形式。

38.______he comes, we won’t be able to go.(B)

A. Without

B. Unless

C. Except

解析:句意为:除非他来,要不然我们就不能走。unless意为“除非”;without意为“没有”,后不能接句子;except意为“除了”,后接句子时要加that。

39.Most of us don’t agree______the new manager.(A)

A. with

B. on

C. to

解析:句意为:我们中的大多数人都不同意新经理(的观点)。agreeto do sth.答应做某事;agree with sb.赞同某人(的观点);agree on sth.对…取得一致意见。

40.Only in this way______work out this math problem.(B)

A. we can

B. can we

C. can

解析:句意为:只有用这种方式,我们才能解出这道数学题。当副词only+状语放在句首时,句子要用部分倒装结构。但当only修饰其他成分放在句首时则不倒装,如:Only him we find in the classroom justnow.我们在教室里只找到了他。

41.When I got to the cinema, the film______for half an hour.(C)

A. started

B. have started

C. had been on

解析:句意为:当我们到达电影院的时候,电影已经开始半个小时了。在when引导的时间状语从句中,若从句的时态为一般过去时,且主句的动作发生在从句的动作之前,则主句中的谓语应用过去完成时态,并且,half an hour是一段时间,所以主句中的谓语应为持续性动词。

完型填空

Jack lost his Job last week. It was difficult for him to find another【C1】______.【C2】______told him that it was possible to get a new one in a town two hundred kilometers【C3】______. He decided to get there【C4】______. So he went to the railway station and got【C5】______a train. He was the only one in the car(车厢). The train started.

Suddenly a man came in【C6】______a gun and said to him, \

42.【C1】(C)

A. work

B. jobs

C. one

解析:本题考查根据上下文填词。another one意为“另一个”。another后面接单数。所以B选项不对。根据题意,应当选C。

43.【C2】(B)

A. Nobody

B. Somebody

C. Anybody

解析:本题考查上下文理解。根据下文,可知有人告诉杰克去哪里找工作合适。根据题意,正确选项为B。

44.【C3】(C)

A. from

B. farther

C. away

解析:考查介词词义。“…away”表示“距某处距离有多远”。例如“70 miles away”意为“70英里远的地方”。故正确选项为c。

45.【C4】(C)

A. by bike

B. on foot

C. by train

解析:考查上下文理解。根据下文:杰克来到火车站,可知他打算坐火车走,因此正确选项为C。

46.【C5】(B)

A. off

B. on

C. up

解析:考查动词短语。get on意为“上车”;get off意为“下车”;get up意为“起床”。由文意可知杰克应是登上火车,因此正确答案为B。

47.【C6】(A)

A. with

B. has

C. have

解析:考查with的用法。with十名词作伴随状语。本句句意为:突然有一个男人手持一把枪闯进来。have在这里应用动名词形式。因此正确选项为A。

48.【C7】(C)

A. and

B. so

C. or

解析:考查上下文理解。由男子手里有枪可推断出是个抢匪。因此这句话的意思是“要钱还是要命”。三个连词中只有“or”表示选择关系。因此正确答案为C。

49.【C8】(B)

A. stands

B. standing

C. stood

解析:考查介词用法。without后应接动词ing形式。只有B选项是正确的。

50.【C9】(A)

A. don’t have

B. have no

C. didn’t have

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。因为杰克刚失业,又由下文的表现可知他是没有钱的。因为原句后面有any,所以前面不能加no,因此正确选项为A。

51.【C10】(C)

A. know

B. didn’ t know

C. thought

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。本句旬意为:我本来以为你是列车员呢。根据题意,C选项是正确的。

英语知识运用大题型

理解判断

A lot of people don’t want to talk about their age, especially(尤其是)women over 30. The thought of growing older is a painful(痛苦的)one and most of us, if possible, would like to have nothing to do with it. However, getting older is a thing that happens to all of us. As a result, many people work hard to keep young. So the last thing they want is for someone to ask the question, \

52.Most of men are pleased to tell others how old they are.(C)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章中说大多数人不喜欢谈论自己的年龄,尤其是过了三十岁的女人,但没有说明男人乐意谈论年龄。

53.Many people try their best to look young.(A)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:从文章第一段“As a result,many people work hard to keepyoung.”可以看出题干中的表述是正确的。

54.If you want to ask a person’ s age, you can put the question at the end of your talk.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:这一道题目是属于对“so the last thing they want is forsomeone to ask the question,‘How old are you?’”这句话的错误理解,the last thing是最不想说的意思。

55.It’s impossible for you to know a stranger’s age.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:第三段说到可以用巧妙的方式来问到别人的年龄,当然主要指的是不认识的人。

56.Only your best friends will tell you that you look young.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章最后一段说通过故意把别人的年龄说小,指出别人很年轻来达到问出真实年龄的目的,可见题干中的表述是错误的。

短文理解

Mr. Black was young and able. The boss liked him. Last month he was sent to China on business. Before he went back from China, he decided to buy something for Tony, the son of his boss. At first he didn’ t know what to buy for the boy. Suddenly he remembered that the boy liked birds very much, so he went to the bird market. He was glad to find that there were so many kinds of birds there. He bought four beautiful birds, then he told the boy about it on the telephone.

As soon as Mr. Black returned to London by air, he went to Tony with the four birds. But on his way to the boss’s home, one of them flew out of the cage(笼子)and there were only three birds left in it. Then Mr. Black bought a local(当地的)bird to take the place of the missing Chinese one.

Tony of course was very happy when he saw the birds. But soon he found one of them was different from the other three. He asked, \

57.Why did the boss send Mr. Black to China on business?(B)

A. Mr. Black had never been to China before.

B. Mr. Black was an able and hard-working man.

C. Mr. Black could buy something interesting for Tony.

解析:Black很能干,工作也很努力,他的老板很赏识他,所以才送他去中国出差。

58.How did Mr. Black return to London?(C)

A. By train.

B. By ship.

C. By plane.

解析:by air意为“乘飞机”。

59.Whom did Mr. Black buy a present for?(B)

A. His boss.

B. The son of his boss.

C. Mr. Black’s wife.

解析:Black买鸟是为了送给老板的儿子Tony。

60.Mr. Black said the local bird was an interpreter because______.(C)

A. the three Chinese birds didn’ t know English

B. it was different from the Chinese birds

C. he was making a joke

解析:Black说这只当地鸟是译员,显然是在开玩笑。

61.What happened to one of the four birds?(B)

A. It was dead on the way to London.

B. It flew away from the cage.

C. It was stolen by someone.

解析:4只鸟中有一只飞走了。

People thank their parents with two days: Mother’s Day, on me second Sunday in May, and Father’s Day, on the third Sunday in June. These days are to show love for parents. They raise their children and educate them to be good people. They give them love and care.

The two days are celebrated(庆祝)in many different ways. On Mother’s Day, people wear carnations. Wearing a red one means having a living mother,while a white one shows mat the mother is dead. It’s also a day when people whose parents are dead visit the cemetery. On mese days families get together at homes as well as in restaurants. They often have outdoor barbecues(烧烤聚会)for Father’s Day. These are days of fun and good feelings.

Another tradition(传统)is to give cards and gifts. Children make them in school. Many people make their own presents. These are more valued(宝贵的)man mose bought in shops. It’s not the value of the gift mat is important, but the love for the parents. Card shops, florists, candy makers, phone companies and other shops do lots of business during these holidays.

62.Which is not a reason for children to show love for parents?(B)

A. Parents love and take care of children.

B. Parents pass away before children grow up.

C. Parents give education to children.

解析:题干意为“哪一个不是儿女表示对父母爱的原因?”从文章第一段最后两句“They raise their children and educate them to begood people.They give them love and care.”可以找到选项A和C。而选项B的意思是“父母在儿女长大之前就去世了”这个不是理由。

63.What do you know about \(C)

A. It only has two kinds of colors.

B. It refers to the clothes people wear on Mother’s Day.

C. It’s a kind of flower showing love and best wishes.

解析:题目是要我们推测“carnation”的含义。从文章第二段“OnMother’s Day.people wear carnations.Wearing a red one meanshaving a living mother,while a white one shows that the mother isdead.”可以看出来carnation应该是一种花,而且是在母亲节佩戴表示特殊意义的花。选项A文章没有提到它就只有两种颜色。由此可以见,本题的正确答案应为C。

64.On Mother’s Day and Father’s Day______.(A)

A. people usually have family parties

B. everyone goes to the cemetery

C. children always go to parents’ home

解析:采用排除法逐一看选项。文章中提到“On these days fami—lies get together at homes…”可以看出在这些节日经常举行家庭聚会,文章中只提到父母死了的儿女才会去公墓,选项B是错误的,选项C文章没有谈到。

65.What do you think \(A)

A. They sell flowers.

B. They make bread.

C. They sell clothes for Mother’s Day and Father’ s Day.

解析:题目要我们推测florists是干什么的。通过词语的构词形式我们很容易想到flower这个词语。而且,文章之前已经提到了母亲节需要戴花,而这个节日里能够做很多生意的当然也是少不了花店。由此可以见,本题的正确答案应为A。

66.What can we learn from me passage?(B)

A. Both festivals are in May.

B. Hand-made gifts are more valuable.

C. Not all me children love their parents.

解析:采用排除法逐一看选项。文章中第一段提到母亲节是在五月,而父亲节是在六月,选项A是错误的。再来看选项B,文章中第三段提到“These are more valued(宝贵的)than those boughtin shops.”因此是正确的。选项C文章没有提到。

阅读理解大题型

67.Where does Linda live? Could you tell me? Could you tell me______?

where Linda lives

解析:特殊疑问句在疑问句中做宾语从句,要先写上特殊疑问词,特殊疑问词后面的句子要用陈述句语序。

68.I borrowed a book from Linda. Linda______a book.

lent me

解析:borrow sth.from sb.=lend sb.sth.borrow指的是主语借入,lend指的是主语借出。

69.Reading story-books is my hobby. I like reading story-books______.

in my spare time

解析:在业余时间喜欢做的事情就是业余爱好(hobby)。

书面表达

70.情景:

你是李明,你明天要外出度假,希望你的朋友Mike能够照看你的宠物猫,可是他不在家。

任务:

请用英语给Mike留一张50词左右的便条,告诉他:

每天用鱼和牛奶喂猫3次;

每隔一天给猫洗一次温水澡;

外出时一定要关好门窗,以防猫丢失。

便条写在答题卡2上该题的序号后。请用下面格式。

Dear Mike,

Yours,

Li Ming

Dear Mike,

I’ m going out for vacation for a several days. Would you help me look after my cat? Please feed it with fish and milk three times a day, and give it a bath with warm water every other day. Make sure the door and the windows are closed when you are not in, so that the cat won’ t be able to get out. Thank you for your help.

Yours,

Li Ming

解析:

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