That some people make weird associations between the senses has been acknowledged for over a century. The condition has even been given a name: synaesthesia. Odd as it may seem to those not so gifted, synaesthetes insist that spoken sounds and the symbols which represent them give rise to specific colours or that individual musical notes have their own hues.
A. weird association
B. cross-modal association
C. similar association
D. common association
解析：含义题。根据题干关键词定位到第一段。根据语境，本段第二句The condition has even been given a name：synaesthesia中的The condition指的是第一句的associations between the senses。第三句则讲了synaesthetes的观点，即听到说话的声音时，他们脑子里出现的是特殊的颜色，还会说每个音符都有自己的色彩。第二段开头提到Yet there may be a little of this cross-modal association in everyone，把他们的观点理解成是cross-modal association，故synaesthesia的意思就是cross-modal association(通感)，因此B项为正确答案。
2.All of the following associations can be called synaesthesia EXCEPT______.(C)
A. sound and color
B. sound and brightness
C. sound and symbol
D. sound and smell
解析：推断题。根据题干关键词定位到前两段。C项“声音和象征”并没有在原文中提及，且“象征”与感官无关，因此C项sound and symbol不是通感，为正确答案。
3.It can be inferred from the researchers’ first finding that______.(D)
A. the experiment did not make sense
B. volunteers’ feelings varied from one to another
C. researchers found out why musical senses may assess smell
D. human brains combine multisensory information to make sense
解析：推断题。第五段提到in a multisensory world and their brains tirelessly combine information from all sources to make sense，可以发现D项是原文的同义表述，为正确答案。
4.The experiment of toffee aims to______.(A)
A. reveal that taste is linked to sound
B. explore toffee’s taste in background music
C. show how sound alters the way food tastes
D. find out if sound has different tastes
解析：推断题。根据题干关键词定位到第六段。本段第一句指出Taste，too，seems linked to hearing(味觉似乎也与听觉有关联)，接着提到了一项关于太妃糖的实验，最后指出It was the sound that tasted different(声音才是尝起来味道不一样的东西)，可见实验证明了味觉与听觉是有联系的，因此，A项是实验的根本目的。
5.According to the text, which of the following is true?(D)
A. Low-pitched sounds evoke smallness.
B. Sweet and sour smells evoke low pitch.
C. Sweet and sour tastes evoke low pitch.
D. Toffee tastes sweeter in high-pitched music.
解析：细节题。由第六段Volunteers rated the toffee eaten during low-pitched music as more bitter than that consumed during the high-pitched performance可知D项“在音调高的音乐中吃太妃糖更甜”是原文的同义再现，为正确答案。
Immigrants aren’t seeking U.S. citizenship as often these days—not since the American dream became more expensive.
6.The federal official said that the decline of application for citizenship was caused by______.(A)
A. various reasons
B. unstable economy
C. the increase of citizenship fee
D. the upcoming revisions to the U. S. citizen test
解析：细节题。题干问美国官方认为目前申请人数下降的原因，根据题干关键词定位至第四段。根据文中a federal official said a variety of reasons could have caused the decline可知，官方认为存在很多原因，故A项为正确选项。
7.We can learn that Helen Ravasdy______.(B)
A. is worried that the citizenship fee will increase
B. is preparing for her citizenship test
C. would have applied if it were cheaper
D. immigrated to Southern California when she was 30 years old
8.Herminia Kindelan believed the new citizen test______.(B)
A. should be cancelled
B. may lead to a further decline of the application
C. is not difficult enough
D. is too difficult for immigrants
解析：推理题。根据题干关键词the new citizen test可以迅速定位至最后一段。因为美国公民考试即将修订，赫尔迈厄尼-凯德兰担心申请人数会进一步下降，由此可知B项为正确答案。
9.According to the passage, which of the following is true?(C)
A. Only one member can apply for the U. S. citizenship in one family.
B. If you pay enough fee, you can become a U. S. citizen.
C. The revisions to the U. S. citizen test may cause further decline of application for citizenship.
D. It is possible for one to vote without the U. S. citizenship.
10.The best title for the passage would be______.(D)
A. The Increasing Citizenship Fees
B. How to Become a U. S. Citizen?
C. The Revisions to the U. S. Citizen Test
D. Steep Drop in Citizenship Filings
In Today’s management-theory industry, reputation—or at least the corporate kind—is a \
11.The main idea of the first paragraph is(A)
A. the worldly outlook of reputation______.
B. the great value of reputation
C. the importance of managing reputation
D. the competition for corporate reputation
12.The author’s attitude towards the idea of \(D)
解析：态度题。根据题干关键词“reputation cconomy”本应该定位至第二段，看似考查局部，实则考查作者对“声誉”的态度，而作者对“声誉”的态度通篇都在映射直至最后才明确传达。文章首段提及当今声誉管理行业对声誉的看法：极度吹捧，第二段随后提出“声誉经济体”这个概念，并在该段末句暗示这种概念在直觉意义上似乎很有道理(暗示并无道理)，随后三段都在讲述管理行业对声誉看法的不当之处，末段直接通过类比方式指出作者观点： “声誉”只是企业在追逐高品质产品和服务过程中的副产品，不能将“声誉”当作直接目标或是有价值的目标加以追求，可见，作者对“声誉经济体”的态度是反对的，D项符合文意。
13.In Paragraph 4, the author mentions the counter-examples to show that reputation______.(B)
A. plays a counteractive role in companies’ getting through difficulties
B. is not correlated with companies’ success
C. can offer customers better customer experiences
D. is attractive to customers as the industry views
14.From paragraph 5, we can learn that the efforts of reputation attainment should he directed to______.(C)
A. flaring product marketing
B. good reputation management
C. high-quality products
D. competitive branding campaign
15.By quoting John Stuart Mill’s words, the author wants to show that reputation should be viewed as______.(A)
A. a by-product
B. an indirect end
C. a worthy goal
D. a source of happiness
During the past 34 years, wages for everyone at or below the 30th percentile of the income distribution have essentially been flat, while wages for the poorest 10 percent of workers have fallen. At all income levels, women earn less on average than men do.
16.It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that the real problem for income inequality is______.(C)
A. women have not got the same right to earn enough money that equals to men’s
B. the wealth gap between women with low-level income and those with high-level income has been increased
C. there are more women than men belonging to the group of the poorest 10 percent of workers nowadays
D. poverty is a serious problem for women rather than girls
17.According to Paragraph 3, which of the following is true?(D)
A. For those women with high-level income, they expect to live to the age of eighty.
B. Nowadays although those women with high-level income have longer life expectancy than those poor ones, they will also shrink their expectancy over time.
C. Generally speaking, people’s life expectancy will get longer over time, but only for those women who earn less than the average.
D. A woman who was born in 1920 and lived in an unsatisfied financial situation has longer life expectancy than the one born twenty years later.
18.What’s the author’s attitude toward low-income women?(D)
19.Each of the following belongs to the \(B)
A. employees get no extra pay when they work more than eight hours
B. employees get no allowance when they are sick or get pregnant
C. employees get little pay that can not support their basic living
D. employees get no more pay when they are assigned to do retirers’ work
20.Which is the necessary way to solve women’s poverty?(A)
A. Popularize national undergraduate education.
B. Encourage the occupational diversity.
C. Promote the fair distribution of social wealth.
D. Eliminate gender inequality.