国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷448含答案解析

国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷448

图片判断

1.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

2.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

3.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

4.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

5.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

6.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

7.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

8.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

对话理解

9.(A)

A. It’s Friday.

B. Thank you.

C. Yes, it’s very hot.

解析:

10.(C)

A. It’s Friday.

B. It matches me well.

C. Sorry, I don’t know.

解析:

11.(B)

A. Yes, we never overcharge.

B. I’m sorry. The price is fixed.

C. It’s 250 dollars.

解析:

12.(B)

A. No, you can use your credit card.

B. Yes, you can use your credit card.

C. Yes, you can not use your credit card.

解析:

13.(A)

A. Yes, I’d love to.

B. I’m afraid not.

C. Please do it for me.

解析:

14.(B)

A. It’s small but beautiful.

B. No, I don’t think so.

C. Yes, he’s very well.

解析:

15.(A)

A. It’s small but beautiful.

B. I like it.

C. I don’t like it.

解析:

16.(C)

A. Yes, it is.

B. It doesn’t matter.

C. So do I.

解析:

17.(C)

A. I’m not in the office.

B. No, I am.

C. I have homework to do.

解析:

18.(C)

A. Both, too.

B. Volleyball.

C. Neither.

解析:

When did it begin to rain?

19.(A)

A. Study at home.

B. Go shopping.

C. Clean his house.

解析:

20.(A)

A. In a school.

B. At a hospital.

C. At a bank.

解析:

21.(A)

A. Open the window.

B. Close the window.

C. Keep on talking.

解析:

22.(C)

A. The woman.

B. The man.

C. The man and his mother.

解析:

What can we learn about the woman from the dialogue?

23.(B)

A. Sleeping.

B. Reading something.

C. Watching TV.

解析:

24.(C)

A. On foot.

B. By bike.

C. By bus.

解析:

25.(A)

A. The woman can use his dictionary.

B. The woman can’ t use his dictionary.

C. The dictionary is not the man’ s.

解析:

26.(A)

A. She wants to give up tennis.

B. She wants to go on playing.

C. She won’ t watch tennis anymore.

解析:

对话应答

听力大题型

27.The suggestion______all right.(C)

A. has sounded

B. is sounded

C. sounds

解析:本题考查系动词sound。sound相当于be动词,但sound意为“听起来”。

28.He’ d like______with you. He wants some help.(A)

A. to talk

B. tell

C. to say

解析:本题考查固定搭配。would like to do=’d like to do,意为“想要做某事”。

29.I can’t stay______long.(C)

A. to

B. at

C. for

解析:本题考查介词。for后面加表示时间的词。I can’t stay forlong意为“我不能待很久”。

30.______you are wrong, you should say sorry.(B)

A. For

B. Since

C. Or

解析:本题考查连词。since意为“既然,由于,因为”,可放在句首或句中。for表示“因为”,不能放在句首,只能放在句中。

31.These shoes______in Guangzhou.(C)

A. is made

B. made

C. are made

解析:本题考查被动语态。“鞋被做”,所以要用被动语态bemade。又因为主语是复数,所以be要用复数are的形式。

32.The beef is delicious. Would you like some______?(A)

A. more

B. many

C. much

解析:本题考查词义辨析。many,much都是“许多”的意思。more意为“另外的”。some more意为“另外一些”。

33.My little brother is too young______go to school.(A)

A. to

B. that

C. not to

解析:本题考查固定句型。too…to…意为“太…以至于不能…”。

34.Ba Jin is one of ______ in China.(B)

A. best writers

B. the best writers

C. the best writer

解析:本题考查最高级。“one of+最高级+可数名词复数”,意为“最…中的一个”。

35.They have lived here______2003.(C)

A. for

B. in

C. since

解析:本题考查连词。since和for都可与完成时连用;但since后要加表示“一点”的时间;for后要加一段时间。“in+年”,表示“在哪一年”,与简单时态(一般现在时或一般过去时)连用。

36.We______a sports meeting the day before yesterday.(A)

A. had

B. have

C. have had

解析:本题考查动词时态。the day before yesterday要求动词用一般过去时。

37.The policeman told the boys______in the street.(A)

A. not to play

B. don’t play

C. not play

解析:本题考查固定短语。tell sb.to do sth.的否定形式是tellsb.not to do sth.。

38.This is me right size. It______me very well.(C)

A. likes

B. belongs to

C. fits

解析:本题考查词义辨析。sth.fit sb.意为“某物适合某人”。be—long to意为“属于”。

39.She______TV when I came in.(B)

A. watched

B. was watching

C. watching

解析:本题考查动词时态。when引导的从句是一般过去时,主句也应用过去时。主句动词若是延续性动词,那么要用过去进行时。

40.He likes coffee very much. ______.(C)

A. Neither do I

B. I like it, either

C. So do I

解析:本题考查表示“我也是”的说法。肯定句用So do I.否定句用Neither do I.

41.The teacher said that the earth______around the sun.(A)

A. turns

B. turned

C. turn

解析:本题考查动词时态。“地球围绕太阳转”是客观事实,所以不管在何种情况下,动词turn都要用一般现在时,表示客观状况。

完型填空

A young man going to join the army(军队)and had to【C1】______a medical examination. The doctor was sitting at a desk when he came in. He said to the man, \

42.【C1】(A)

A. take

B. make

C. enter

解析:考查动词的固定搭配。take an examination意为“考试”,medical examination在此意为“体检”。

43.【C2】(C)

A. sitting

B. sitted

C. sit

解析:考查动词形式。本句是祈使句,动词用原形。

44.【C3】(B)

A. gets

B. getting

C. get

解析:考查介词后要接名词或动名词形式。without是介词,后面要接动词的话, 要把动词变成动名词。

45.【C4】(A)

A. surprise

B. time

C. trouble

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。年轻人认为医生还没有给他做检查就说“好了”,他觉得很奇怪。in surprise=surprisingly,“奇怪地”。

46.【C5】(B)

A. pity

B. smile

C. pleasure

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。通读全文后可知,“医生认为年轻人身体很健康,可以去当兵”,所以这里,他应该“笑着说”。pleasure是不可数名词,前面不能加不定冠词。with a pity,“遗憾地”。

47.【C6】(A)

A. told

B. tell

C. will tell

解析:考查动词时态。医生叫年轻人脱掉衣服,坐在椅子上,是过去的动作,所以在这里用过去式。

48.【C7】(C)

A. hands

B. mind

C. ears

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。听得很清楚,表明耳朵没有问题。

49.【C8】(A)

A. good

B. well

C. bad

解析:考查做表语的词。形容词good做表语。well是副词。bad是形容词,但放在这里不符合题意。

50.【C9】(B)

A. question

B. mistake

C. matter

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。without a mistake,“没有任何错误的”。out of question(古语)=beyond question,“毫无疑问,确定无疑”: out of the question,“不可能的,不值得考虑的”。

51.【C10】(C)

A. can be

B. must

C. must be

解析:考查情态动词。“must+动词原形”,表示对现在情况或状态的肯定推测,意为“肯定…”;“can’t+动词原形”,表示对现在情况或状态的否定推测,意为“肯定不…”。

英语知识运用大题型

理解判断

One afternoon when lessons were over, Peter and Paul left school. When me boys reached home, it was seven o’ clock. It was dark outside, but mere was a light inside their home and me door was open. They knew their parents were both at work, so they were surprised to see a man inside. They could see me man was looking for something.

\

52.It was quite bright outside when me boys got home.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文中提到“It was dark outside”。

53.The boys usually helped their teacher after their lessons were over.(C)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文中并未提到孩子们是否经常课后帮助老师。

54.The man was their mother’s friend, not meir father’s.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文中提到这个男人不是孩子父母的朋友,而是一个小偷。

55.Paul ran to me police station and reported what happened.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:Paul并未去警察局,而只是打电话报警。

56.The policemen arrived in time and caught me thief.(A)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文中提到警察很快赶到,并抓住了小偷。

短文理解

Sigmund Freud was a world-famous doctor of Vienna(维也纳). He was also a man full of humour(幽默). Once, at his 70th birthday party, a friend asked Freud if he could put his work into several words. \

57.Freud was a famous______.(A)

A. doctor, Austria

B. general, Vienna

C. doctor, Australia

解析:细节题。文中第一句提到弗洛伊德是奥地利的医生。

58.From what Freud said at his 70th birthday party, we can see that he was______.(B)

A. a brave man

B. a man full of humour

C. a devoted man

解析:推理题。文中前面提到弗洛伊德有幽默感,接着就举了他在生日宴会上巧妙回答的例子。

59.One day Freud came to the small mountain town for______.(C)

A. his 70th birthday

B. the King Josef s birthday

C. his mother’ s birthday

解析:细节题。文中提到夏天的一天,弗洛伊德来为妈妈庆祝她95岁生日。

60.Which of the three sentences is wrong?(C)

A. Freud’s mother and the King Josef usually spent their summers in the same place.

B. Freud’ s mother’ s birthday and the King’ s birthday were on the same day.

C. She knew that the band was playing for the King.

解析:推理题。前面两项文中都有线索,最后一项,他的母亲是记忆太差,忘了那天是国王的生日,所以才以为乐队是为自己的生日演奏呢。

61.Freud’s mother felt very happy on her 95th birthday because______.(C)

A. the King Josef himself came to celebrate(庆贺)her birthday

B. the people of the town came but to celebrate her birthday

C. she believed that the band was playing for her birthday

解析:推理题。文中最后提到,弗洛伊德骗妈妈说乐队是为她的生日而演奏呢,因此妈妈很高兴。

Surtsey was born in 1963. Scientists saw the birth of this island. It began at 7: 30 a. m. on 14th November. A fishing boat was near Iceland. The boat moved under the captain’ s(船长)feet. He noticed a strange smell. He saw some black smoke. A volcano(火山)was breaking out. Red-hot rocks, fire and smoke were rushing up from the bottom(底部)of the sea. The island grew quickly. It was 10 meters high the next day and 60 meters high on 18th November. Scientists flew there to watch. It was exciting. Smoke and fire were still rushing up. Pieces of red-hot rocks were flying into the air and falling into the sea. The sea was boiling and there was a strange light in the sky. Surtsey grew and grew. Then it stopped in June 1967. It was 175 meters high and 2 kilometers long. And life was already coming to Surtsey. Plants grew. Birds came. Some scientists built a house. They want to learn about this young island. A new island is like a new world.

62.Surtsey is______.(A)

A. an island not far from Iceland

B. a new volcano

C. a place in Iceland

解析:细节题。绪尔特塞是冰岛附近一座新形成的火山岛。

63.Scientists flew there______.(A)

A. to watch the birth of the island

B. to save the fishing boat

C. to learn about the island

解析:细节题。科学家们赶到那儿去观察小岛的诞生过程。C选项中去研究小岛只是一部分科学家的事,他们在岛上建房子准备居住。研究新生的小岛而不是观察诞生过程。

64.When did scientists fly there to watch?(C)

A. Before the volcano broke out.

B. As soon as the volcano broke out.

C. About four days after the volcano broke out.

解析:细节题。小岛开始喷发是14号,18号长到一定高度后,科学家们才赶过去。

65.Put the following sentences in correct order. a. The captain found the boat was moving. b. A new island appeared in the sea. c. Fire, smoke and rocks were seen rushing up. d. A fishing boat was near Iceland. e. The island grew quickly.(A)

A. d-a-c-b-e

B. a-b-c-d-e

C. a-b-e-c-d

D. b-e-d-a-c

解析:归纳题。文中提到了从渔船偶然发现小岛诞生到小岛长大的过程。

66.The best title of this article is______.(B)

A. A New Island

B. The Birth of an Island

C. A New World

D. Scientists Discovered Surtsey

解析:主旨题。文章主要讲述了绪尔特塞的形成过程。

阅读理解大题型

67.Tom spent 5,000 dollars for his new car. It ______ Tom 5,000 dollars for his new car.

cost

解析:

68.He no longer used his old car. He didn’t use his old car______.

any longer

解析:

69.He sold his old car to one of his friends. His old car______to one of his friends.

was sold

解析:

书面表达

70.情景:你们戏剧小组(drama group)要举行会议来讨论“英语之夜”出演的戏剧(play)。

任务:请你就此用电子邮件给王教授写一封50词左右的邀请信,内容包括:

会议的主要内容;

会议的时间地点;

邀请教授参加会议。

电子邮件请用以下格式。

Dear Prof.Wang,

Yours,

Zhang Li

Dear Prof. Wang,

There will be a meeting of our drama group on Monday afternoon, October 10, at five in our classroom, room 311, in this teaching building to discuss which play to be on for English Evening. We should like to hear your suggestions and hope you can come.

Yours,

Zhang Li

解析:

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