国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷446含答案解析

国家公共英语(一级)笔试模拟试卷446

图片判断

1.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

2.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

3.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

4.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

5.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

6.(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

7.(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

8.(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

对话理解

9.(A)

A. No, it’s too expensive.

B. Please close the door.

C. Is it cold?

解析:

10.(B)

A. No, it’s too expensive.

B. I like it very much.

C. It’s about a love story.

解析:

11.(A)

A. About 20 hours.

B. So long.

C. Very fast.

解析:

12.(A)

A. Here you are.

B. It is here.

C. Yes, I would.

解析:

13.(C)

A. That’s all right.

B. I’m going to Shanghai.

C. I’m fine. Thank you.

解析:

14.(C)

A. The supermarket is near here.

B. What’s wrong with you?

C. Oh, I’m sorry to hear that.

解析:

15.(C)

A. The supermarket is near here.

B. You can go another day.

C. You can ask somebody for help.

解析:

16.(C)

A. It’s expensive.

B. It works well.

C. It costs me more than 5,000 yuan.

解析:

17.(B)

A. I’m Mary.

B. Sorry, he’s not in.

C. Sorry, the line is busy.

解析:

18.(A)

A. It’s sunny.

B. Friday.

C. I like it.

解析:

What are they talking about?

19.(B)

A. Reading.

B. Watching TV.

C. Listening to the radio.

解析:

20.(A)

A. Yes,he is.

B. No, he isn’t.

C. It’ s terrible.

解析:

21.(A)

A. It is snowy.

B. It snowed yesterday.

C. It is raining.

解析:

22.(B)

A. In the bedroom.

B. In the sea.

C. Under the tree.

解析:

What does Nancy like?

23.(B)

A. It’s a photo of Mary’s father and mother.

B. It’s a photo of Mary’s grandfather and grandmother.

C. It’s a photo of Mary’s brothers.

解析:

24.(A)

A. Rose.

B. The boy.

C. No one.

解析:

25.(A)

A. Under the table.

B. Under the book.

C. On the desk.

解析:

26.(A)

A. Soccer.

B. Tennis.

C. Basketball.

解析:

对话应答

听力大题型

27.Mary______that piece of cake for twenty yuan.(C)

A. spent

B. cost

C. bought

解析:本题考查近义词辨析。sb.buy sth.for some money;sb.spend some money on sth.;sth.cost sb.some money,注意这三种固定搭配形式。

28.I ______ go there tills morning, so I stayed at home.(A)

A. didn’t need to

B. didn’ t need

C. needn’tto

解析:本题考查情态动词的用法。need作情态动词用时,是needdo sth./needn’t do sth.;need作实意动词用时,是need to do sth./not need to do sth.。

29.—Who shall I give this dictionary to? —You can give it to______. It doesn’ t matter.(A)

A. anybody

B. somebody

C. everybody

解析:本题考查近义词辨析。anybody意为“任何人”;somebody意为“某人”;everybody意为“每个人,大家”。

30.Hurry up. Don’ t keep Xiao Wang______.(C)

A. wait

B. waited

C. waiting

解析:本题考查动词用法。keep sb.doing sth.意为“让某人一直做某事”。

31.It’ sa bird. But I don’ t know______name.(C)

A. it

B. his

C. its

解析:本题考查代词用法。its是形容词性物主代词,后面要有一个名词。上文提到“鸟”,下文表示“它的”,要用its。it指“它”,his指“他的”。

32.The twins______American girls. They are in______class.(A)

A. are: the same

B. is: the same

C. is: same

解析:本题考查主谓一致和固定搭配。twins是复数,be动词要用复数形式。表示“同样的”,要用the same,the不可少。

33.My mother______off the bike and broke her leg on me ground.(C)

A. falls

B. was falling

C. fell

解析:本题考查and前后的动词时态一致。broke是过去式,所以fall也要用过去式fell。

34.When the little girl stood in the front of the classroom, her face______red.(B)

A. turns

B. turned

C. turn

解析:本题考查主从句时态一致。when引导的时间状语从句是一般过去时,若主句动词是短暂性动词,那么该动词也要用一般过去时。

35.Could you make her______laughing?(A)

A. stop

B. stopping

C. to stop

解析:本题考查固定短语。make sb.do sth.意为“让某人做某事”,注意do要用动词原形,前面不带to。

36.It______heavily so there was deep snow on the road.(C)

A. snows

B. snowed

C. had snowed

解析:本题考查动词时态。there was是过去式,so表示结果,所以空白处要用过去完成时,表示“过去的过去”。

37.He is______than the other boys in his class.(C)

A. more taller

B. tallest

C. taller

解析:本题考查比较级。than要求前面的形容词用比较级,tall的比较级是taller。

38.Everything can’t live______the sun.(B)

A. with

B. without

C. of

解析:本题考查介词。can’t live without…意为“没有…不能活”。

39.Not until I began to work______how much time I had wasted.(B)

A. didn’ t realize

B. did I realize

C. I didn’ t realize

解析:本题考查句子的部分倒装结构。当not…until置于句首时,句子要使用部分倒装,即将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态动词放在主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do,does或did,并将其置于主语之前。本句正常语序为:I didn’t realize how much time I had wasted until I began towork.

40.The bus______yesterday.(C)

A. repaired

B. is repaired

C. was repaired

解析:本题考查过去时的被动语态。yesterday要求用过去式,被动语态的过去式是“was/were+过去分词”。

41.My little sister is only five, ______she can swim well.(A)

A. but

B. so

C. because

解析:本题考查连词。上半句“我妹妹只有五岁”,下半句“她游泳游得很好”,上下半句间是转折关系,所以用but。

完型填空

What is paper made ? When we【C1】______books or newspapers, we seldom stop and think about the things【C2】______to make them.【C3】______paper our lives would be very different.

Paper is one of【C4】______important inventions(发明)of all time. The people in Egypt(埃及)first used a kind of grass-like plant to【C5】______paper around five【C6】______years ago, 3000 years later, a Chinese man created a new【C7】______of paper using pieces of old cloth. Then for several hundred years, people【C8】______the world had been using this Chinese method to make paper. In 1838, a Canadian man invented a【C9】______method of paper-making using wood. Today, most of the paper we use is made from【C10】______.

42.【C1】(B)

A. look at

B. read

C. watch

解析:考查近义词辨析。看(读)书或报纸,动词用read;看电视,动词用watch;看电影,动词用see。

43.【C2】(B)

A. beused

B. used

C. using

解析:考查过去分词做定语。过去分词used表示被动,做定语,修饰前面的名词things。

44.【C3】(C)

A. For

B. With

C. Without

解析:考查介词。根据常识可知,没有纸,我们的生活将是另一个样子。

45.【C4】(A)

A. the most

B. the better

C. the worst

解析:考查最高级。根据常识可知,纸是人类一直以来最重要的发明之一。

46.【C5】(C)

A. write

B. do

C. make

解析:考查词汇用法。“造纸”是make paper。 _

47.【C6】(B)

A. thousands of

B. thousand

C. thousands

解析:考查固定短语。表示“几千年”,thousand不能变复数。但表示“成千上万的”,是thousands of,thousand要变成复数。

48.【C7】(A)

A. type

B. thing

C. one

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。a new type of意为“一种新型的”。

49.【C8】(A)

A. all over

B. over

C. from

解析:考查固定搭配。all over the world=throughout the world意为“遍布全世界的”。

50.【C9】(A)

A. new

B. old

C. bad

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。上文提到,埃及人用像草一样的植物造纸,中国人用旧布料造纸,现在说加拿大人用木料造纸。所以用木料相对于以前的方法来说,是一种新的方法。

51.【C10】(C)

A. cloth

B. grass

C. wood

解析:考查根据上下文填词的能力。根据常识可知,现在人们用的纸大多数是用木料做成的。

英语知识运用大题型

理解判断

Weight(体重)is one of the taboo subjects. In America, it is OK, or even good, to be thin but it is an embarrassment(尴尬)to be overweight. In fact, the thinner you are, the more beautiful you are thought to be. You’ 11 find that most models(模特)are nothing more than skin and bones. A woman who is thin is easy to become popular. Of course, there are lots of people do their best to be thin. They may use all kinds of ways, such as doing exercise, or dieting(节食). But, sometimes, dieting may bring about some healthy problems.

Americans are very careful about their weight and most of the time they do not tell others how much they weigh… even if they are quite thin. Therefore, you’ d better not ask about it. But if you really want to talk about this subject, it’ s always safer to say, \

52.Those thin women are more popular than those fat women.(C)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章中说瘦的女人比较容易受到欢迎,但没有说瘦的女人就一定要比胖女人更受欢迎。

53.Many girls want to be thin because they want to be models.(C)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章提到美国的模特儿都很瘦。但是并没有说女孩们想变瘦是因为她们想成为模特儿。

54.Americans never tell others about their weight.(B)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章第二段是说“…most of the time they do not tell othershow much they weigh”。而题目说的太绝对,说从来不说,故错误。

55.Dieting may become bad for people’ s health.(A)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:从第一段“But,sometimes,dieting may bring about somehealthy problems.”得出答案正确。

56.It is not polite for people to say that somebody is fat.(A)

A. Right.

B. Wrong.

C. Doesn’ t Say.

解析:文章最后一段说如果要显得礼貌就要小心的选用词语,而最后一句话又说到不要用fat这个词。

短文理解

A Frenchman went to stay at the best hotel in a small Italian town with his wife. One night, he went out for a walk alone. The small street was dark and quiet. Suddenly he felt someone behind him. He turned his head and saw an Italian young man who quickly walked past him. The man was nearly out of sight(看不见了)when the Frenchman suddenly found that his watch was gone. He thought that it must be the Italian who had taken his watch. He decided to follow him and get back the watch.

Soon the Frenchman caught up with the Italian. Neither of them understood the other’s language. The Frenchman frightened the Italian with his fist(拳头)and pointed at the Italian’ s watch. In the end the Italian took off his watch and gave it to the Frenchman.

When he returned to the hotel, the Frenchman told his wife what had happened. He was greatly surprised when his wife pointed to the watch on the table. Now he realized(意识到)that by mistake he had robbed(抢劫)the watch and it was the Italian’ s.

57.One night the Frenchman went out for a walk______.(A)

A. by himself

B. with his wife

C. with an Italian

解析:答案在第一自然段第二句。一天晚上,他独自出门了。

58.Why did the Frenchman decide to follow the young man?(C)

A. Because the young man walked so fast.

B. Because he found the young man was out of sight.

C. Because he wanted to catch the young man.

解析:答案在第一自然段。根据上下文,那个意大利年轻人几乎走得看不见了,这时,法国人发现他的表没有了。他想一定是意大利人偷了他的表,所以他决定跟着那位年轻人,把表要回来。

59.The word \(B)

A. threat

B. terrify

C. happy

解析:答案在第二自然段。根据上下文,法国人赶上那个年轻人后,向他挥拳头,并指着他的表。最后,年轻人把表脱下来给了他。根据句意,法国人应是“吓唬、恐吓”那个年轻人,frighten应是动词。threat为名词,terrify意为“使恐惧,使惊恐;恐吓”,happy是形容词。

60.Why did the Italian take off his watch and give it to the Frenchman?(C)

A. Because he had taken the watch from the Frenchman.

B. Because he had picked up the watch on his way from work.

C. Because he was afraid of the Frenchman.

解析:答案在第二自然段。根据上—题的解释可以看出,年轻人认为法国人在拦路抢劫,他很害怕,所以才会把表给他。

61.Who was robbed in the story?(B)

A. The Frenchman.

B. The Italian.

C. Neither of them.

解析:答案在第三自然段最后一句。根据上下文,那位法国人回到旅馆,看到桌子上的表,才意识到自己误抢了那个意大利年轻人的表。

62.You are interested in Classical Music, so you can watch TV at______.(A)

A. 21:20 on Channel 1

B. 21:00 on Channel 2

C. 18:05 on Channel 2

解析:1频道21:20播出古典音乐。

63.You are a football fan(球迷). You may watch TV at______.(A)

A. 20:20 on Channel 2

B. 21:00 on Channel 1

C. 22:10 on Channel 2

解析:2频道20:20播出体育。

64.How long does the TV play Sisters last?(B)

A. 30 minutes.

B. 55 minutes.

C. 90 minutes.

解析:1频道从20:05至21:00播出电视剧:姐妹。

65.When does Channel 2 begin evening programmes?(C)

A. At 18:00.

B. At 18:30.

C. At 17:35.

解析:2频道17:35开始播出晚间节目。

66.If you want to know about programmes of next week, which channel will you choose?(B)

A. Channel 1.

B. Channel 2.

C. Both of them.

解析:2频道22:10播出下周预告。

阅读理解大题型

67.Mr. Wang doesn’ t work in that factory any longer. Mr. Wang______work in that factory.

used to

解析:not any longer=no longer不再。

68.Mr. Wang left home earlier in order to catch the bus. Mr. Wang left home earlier so as______the bus.

not to miss/to catch

解析:so as to do sth.为了做···(表目的)。

69.Mr. Wang finds it not easy to get along with that young guy. Mr. Wang finds it______to get along with that young guy.

difficult/hard

解析:find it+adj.+to do sth.觉得做某事…

书面表达

70.情景:

你的同事张丽明天去出差,你说好要去送她,却突然接到父亲电话,得知母亲病重,要你马上回家。离开办公室时,张丽正在开会。

任务:

请你用英语给张丽写一张50词左右的便条。内容包括;

你为什么马上要回家;

明天可能不去机场送她;

祝她旅途愉快。

要求:格式准确,表达清楚,字迹工整。

便条写在答题卡2上该题序号后。请用下面格式。

Zhang Li,

Wang Lin

Zhang Li,

I have to go home at once because my father phoned me just now. He said that my mother was badly ill and we need to send her to hospital. I’ m sorry to tell you that maybe tomorrow I can’ t go to the airport to see you off. I wish you a good trip.

Yours

Xiao Wang

解析:

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