1.These figures are based on the______that the economy will continue to improve.(D)
2.Most people were greatly shocked by the news ______ the IT company had gone bankrupt.(D)
3.After they______the first super computer in the 1940s, scientists and engineers began to develop ways to create networks.(B)
C. have created
D. has created
解析：根据句意和从句中的时间状语in the 1940s可知，从句应用一般过去时， 表示过去某个特定时间或某一段时间内发生的动作。故选B。
4.Each worker puts in nearly 2200 hours a year______average, and contributes about $30 to GDP per hour.(C)
5.There used to be a high tower here, ______?(D)
A. was there
B. wasn’t there
C. used there
D. usedn’t there
解析：当陈述句部分是there be结构时，反意疑问句部分应用there。当陈述句部分含有used to时，反意疑问句部分应用usedn’t或didn’t。因此，空处应填didn’t there或usedn’t there。故选D。
6.His eyes were filled with tears when he ______ his family after a long separation. He ______so excited before in his life.(D)
A. meets: has never been
B. met: has never been
C. meets: had never been
D. met: had never been
7.This website may contain links to other websites ______ privacy measures may be different from ours.(D)
解析：分析句子结构可知，空处引导一个定语从句。空处指代的是先行词other websites，且与privacy measures之间为所属关系，所以应用whose引导，在从句中作定语，相当于先行词的所有格other websites’。故选D。
8.______fired, your health care and other benefits would not be immediately cut off.(B)
A. Would you be
B. Should you be
C. Could you be
D. Might you be
解析：根据句意及主句中的would not be可知，本句是对将来情况的假设，从句谓语动词应用“should／were to+动词原形”的形式或过去式(be动词用were)。如果if引导的非真实条件句中含有were，should，had，可以省略if，并将were，should，had提至句首。结合选项可知，选B。
9.Our company culture is______makes us successful in creating a friendly environment.(C)
10.62 percent of the people surveyed said they always avoided______their smart phones during meals.(B)
C. to use
解析：avoid doing sth.为固定用法，意为“避免做某事”，其中动名词作宾语。故选B。
11.I had to wait for another two months to be able to have the car______.(D)
C. to fix
解析：分析句子结构并结合句意可知，空处应用非谓语动词形式，且the car和fix之间是逻辑上的动宾关系，所以应用过去分词形式。另外，也可将have sth．done当作固定用法，意为“让（别人）做某事”。故选D。
12.We insisted that he______badly wounded and that a doctor______for at once.(B)
A. should be: should be sent
B. was: be sent
C. were: should be sent
D. was: must be sent
13.Margaret asked me to repeat______telephone number______ second time so that she could write it down.(B)
A. the: the
B. the: a
C. a: the
D. an: a
14.Jane won’ t join us for dinner tonight and______.(B)
A. neither won’ t Tom
B. neither will Tom
C. Tom will too
D. so will Tom
15.It’ s time that we______measures to fight against crimes in the economic field.(D)
16.Nobody was______in the office when the manager suddenly had a heart attack.(A)
17.Please______me to take my medicine tonight. It seems that my memory is falling.(B)
解析：recollect：回忆；remind：提醒，remind sb．to do sth．意为“提醒某人做某事”；remember：记住；recall：回忆，回想。根据句意可知，选B。
18.Of more than three hundred people in the airplane that crashed last week, only five ______miraculously.(C)
19.The residents living in these apartments have free______to the swimming pool, the gym and other facilities.(C)
解析：have access to为固定搭配，意为“有接触(或进人、使用)……的机会(或权利)”。excess：过量；excursion：远足，短途旅行；recreation：娱乐，消遣。根据句意可知，选C。
20.American women were ______ the right of voting until 1920 after many years of hard struggle.(A)
解析：deprive：剥夺，deprive sb．of sth．为常用搭配，意为“剥夺某人某物，使某人丧失某物”，符合题意。neglect：忽视；refuse：拒绝；deny：拒绝，否定。根据句意可知，选A。
Some people argue that self-plagiarism (自我剽窃) is impossible by definition because plagiarism is theft and people cannot steal from their own work. But, this is not correct in law. And there are circumstances, such as insurance fraud, etc. , where it is possible to steal from oneself.
Self-plagiarism, however, must be carefully distinguished from the recycling of one’ s work that to a greater or lesser extent everyone legally does. Self-plagiarism in academic publications is a grey area. However, many universities indirectly recognize the practice as deceptive(欺骗性的). They publish rules preventing students from handing in basically the same essay for credits in different courses. There are also rules against someone handing in the same graduate thesis to different universities. Among established academics, self-plagiarism is a problem. It means basically the same article or book is handed in on more than one occasion for salary raising or promotion.
Like all plagiarism the essence of self-plagiarism is the author’ s attempts to cheat the reader. This happens when no indication is given the work that is being recycled or when an effort is made to disguise(掩饰) the original text. For example, an author just makes cosmetic changes to make the same article, chapter, or book look different. But actually it remains unchanged in its central argument. In this case, disguising a text occurs. Authors change such things as paragraph breaks, capitalization, or the substitution of technical terms in different languages. What he has done is to make readers believe they are reading something completely new. This practice is self-plagiarism.
21.In the second sentence of the first paragraph, \(C)
A. all the activities about plagiarism
B. the activities of self-plagiarism
C. the argument for the impossibility of self-plagiarism
D. the argument for the possibility of self-plagiarism
解析：这里的this指代上文的内容。根据第一段第一句“Some people argue that self-plagiarism is impossible by definition because plagiarism is theft and people cannot steal from their own work．”可知，一些人认为自我剽窃在定义上是不可能的，因 为剽窃是偷盗行为，而人们不可能剽窃自己的工作。而接下来文章便提出“这种说法 在法律上是不正确的”，所以this指代的是上文中有关有些人认为自我剽窃不可能的 这种观点。故选C。
22.Which of the following is NOT true about self-plagiarism in academic publications?(D)
A. It is impossible when one recycles his/her work to such extent as everyone legally does.
B. It is not acceptable in universities.
C. Handling in the essentially same essay for credits in different courses belongs to it.
D. Many universities are strongly opposed to it.
解析：根据第二段第二、三句“Self-plagiarism in academic publications is a grey area．However，many universities indirectly recognize the practice as deceptive．”可知，自我剽窃在学术出版方面是一个灰色区域，然而许多大学间接地承认自我剽窃是欺骗性的。D项说许多大学强烈反对自我剽窃，和文章内容不符，因此D项不正确。选项A、B、C均可在文章第二段中找到依据。故选D。
23.According to the passage, ______is the essence of self-plagiarism.(D)
A. the writer’ s pursuit for money or promotion
B. the writer’ s laziness at his/her work
C. the writer’s deception on himself
D. the writer’ s deception on the reader
解析：根据第三段第一句“Like all plagiarism the essence of self-plagiarism is the author’s attempts to cheat the reader．”可知，自我剽窃的本质是作者试图欺骗读者。D项中的deception是cheat的同义替换。故选D。
24.Which of the following does NOT belong to self-plagiarism?(C)
A. No indication about the recycling of the work.
B. Disguising the original work by making small changes.
C. Indication about the small changes in the work.
D. Substitution of technical terms in two different languages.
25.What would be the best title of the passage?(A)
A. What Is Self-plagiarism
B. How People Steal from Their Own Work
C. The Essence of Self-plagiarism
D. The Argument of Self-plagiarism
In the reception hall of the British Royal Academy of Dance, the statues of four outstanding female dancers are displayed. The stone sculpture of Dai Ailian is one of them.
Dai Ailian was born in Trinidad, an independent republic in the West Indies in 1916, with her forefathers living abroad for many years. In 1930, she went to London to study dance. Many famous dancers such as Anton Dolin, Rudolf Laban and Mary Wigman had been her teachers. Though ballet and modem dance were not well connected at that time, Dai Ailian learned both of them. This is of great significance for her later development.
Dai Ailian returned to her homeland in 1939 after the Anti-Japanese War broke out. She gave benefit performances in Hong Kong and on the mainland. Major programs such as Homesick Melody, Selling, Wheat Gleaning Girl and Story of the Guerrill all showed sympathy for the poor and concern over the nation’ s fate.
Dai Ailian’ s art career entered a golden period after the founding of the People’ s Republic of China. She became the first president of the National Dance Troupe, the first headmistress of the Beijing Dancing School and the director and advisor of the Central Ballet Troupe. Her representative works at this were group dances called Lotus and Flying Apsaras presented in Berlin and Warsaw in 1953 and 1955 and won awards.
Dai Ailian always says, \
26.Why was the stone sculpture of Dai Ailian displayed in the hall of the British Royal Academy of Dance?(A)
A. Because of her noticeable contributions.
B. Because she was good at sculpture.
C. Because she studied in the British Royal Academy of Dance.
D. Because of her love of her motherland.
解析：根据第一段第一句“In the reception hall of the British Royal Academy of Dance，the statues of four outstanding female dancers are displayed．”和最后一段最后一句“For this reason，she was regarded as a quMified person to link up Chinese and Western dance cultures．”可知，在英国皇家舞蹈学院的接待大厅陈列了四位杰出女舞者的雕像，而且戴爱莲被认为是连接中西舞蹈文化的人。由此可推知，英国皇家舞蹈学院将戴爱莲的雕像陈列在学院大厅，是为了表彰她为促进中英舞蹈文化所做出的贡献。故选A。
27.Paragraph 2 is mainly about______.(C)
A. her family and life
B. her love of dance and contributions
C. her childhood and education
D. her forefathers and her teachers
28.What is very important to her later development?(B)
A. The fact that many famous dancers were her teachers.
B. Learning both ballet and modern dance.
C. Her experience of living abroad.
D. Her education in London.
解析：根据第二段最后两句“Though ballet and modern dance were not well connected at that time，Dai Ailian learned both of them．This is of great significance for her later development．”可知，在当时现代舞蹈和芭蕾互不联系，但是戴爱莲却两个都 学了，这对她后期的发展有着很大的意义。故选B。
29.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?(B)
A. During the Anti-Japanese War she sold her stories.
B. At the age of 23, she returned to China to give benefit performances.
C. After the founding of the People’ s Republic of China she stopped dancing.
D. She was the first headmaster of the China Dance School.
解析：根据第三段第一句“Dai Ailian returned to her homeland in 1939 after the Anti-Japanese War broke out．She gave benefit performances in Hong Kong and on the mainland．”可知，戴爱莲于1939年在香港和大陆进行义演。根据第二段第一句“Dai Ailian was born…in 1916…”可知，她出生于1916年。由此可推知，她当时23岁。故选B。A项是对第三段第三句的曲解；根据第四段可知，C项不正确；根据第四段第二句可知，她是北京舞蹈学院的第一位女校长，并没有提到“她是中国舞蹈学院的第一位女校长”，这里是偷换概念，所以D项错误。
30.Which was her representative work after the founding of PRC?(A)
A. Flying Apsaras.
B. Homesick Melody.
C. Wheat Gleaning Girl.
解析：根据第四段第一句“Dai Ailian’s art career entered a golden period after the founding of the People’s Republic of China．”和第四段最后一句“Her representative works at this were group dances called Lotus and Flying Apsaras presented in Berlin and Warsaw in 1953 and 1955 and won awards．”可知，建国后她的事业进入黄金期，她的 《荷花舞》和《飞天舞》是当时的代表作。故选A。
There is a measurable relation between how much a person learns and his attitude toward the subject to be learned. When faced with a difficult learning task, one path to success is to concentrate on the positive aspects of the subject matter. If a student has a boring teacher, one solution is to look for the positive aspects of completing the course, regardless of how boring the teacher happens to be. To accomplish this might require a private tutor or some independent reading, but with the right attitude, success is possible.
Over-achievers—students who do better than their test scores show—usually have a positive interest in learning. They may learn some things more slowly, and they may make more efforts, but,
to compensate (补偿) , they are often better at applying what they have learned. As long as they do not have emotional problems, they are successful.
Under-achievers—those who function below their ability shown by test scores—often tend to allow a few negative factors to affect them. Because of their negative attitudes, they sometimes become unfairly critical of teachers. They allow themselves to get bored when it is not necessary. In short, their attitudes often cause them to learn less than over-achievers.
If you learn to replace a negative attitude toward learning with something more positive, you are on the road to achieving almost any goal you desire. For example, if you realize a personal computer with a word processor would improve your performance, but have an attitude that keeps telling you that a computer is difficult to operate, you tend to make all kinds of excuses. In short, you resist making full use of a terrific tool, simply because your negative attitude prevents you from learning.
31.What is the main idea of the passage?(A)
A. Attitudes play an important role in learning.
B. Students should learn how to use personal computers.
C. Teachers are not so important in the learning process.
D. There are many differences between over- and under-achievers.
解析：文章第一段指出只有端正学习态度，才有可能成功；第二、三段对两种 学习态度不同的学生进行比较，指出有积极态度的学生能学到更多的知识；最后一段 举例说明消极的态度对学习的阻碍作用。由此可知，文章以学习态度为中心，指出其 对学习的重要作用。故选A。
32.The example of the personal computer shows that______.(B)
A. finding excuses helps in learning
B. to react negatively can be harmful
C. hard work is the key to success
D. making use of the computer is important
解析：根据最后一段最后一句“In short，you resist making full use of a terrific tool，simply because your negative attitude prevents you from learning．”可知，消极的态 度会阻碍学习和进步，是有害的。故选B。
33.The underlined phrase \(B)
A. often get low scores in tests
B. do worse in actual learning than in tests
C. usually do better in tests than the over-achievers
D. are always slow in learning and have to make more efforts
解析：分析该短语结构可知，shown by test scores作定语修饰ability；function意 为“运行，活动”，邀里可以理解为“学习表现”。因此，该短语意为学习表现并没有 成绩反映的那么好”，与B项所表达的意思相同。
34.The writer thinks that over-achievers and under-achievers mainly differ in______.(C)
A. their test scores
B. their judgment of others
C. their attitudes toward learning
D. their skills in using computers
解析：根据第二段第一句“Over-achievers…usually have a positive interest in learning”和第三段第一句“Under-achievers…often tend to allow a few negative factors to affect them．”可知，这两类学生的主要区别在于其学习态度不同。故选C。
35.What does the author think a student should do if he has a boring teacher?(D)
A. Look for a new course.
B. Be critical of the teacher.
C. Complete the course with a good score.
D. Have a right attitude toward the teacher.
解析：根据第一段最后两句“If a student has a boring teacher，one solution is… with the fight attitude，success is possible．”可知，如果学生遇到一个特别无聊的老师， 一个可以采取的解决办法就是寻找这门课程的积极方面来完成这门课程，而不去管 这个老师有多么无聊。由此可推知，学生只有对老师有一个正确的态度才有可能成 功。故选D。
Believe it or not, some people get paid—and well—for doing the things that make them really happy. Here are two people who have found the job of their dreams.
36.Donna loves her job because______.(B)
A. the salary is high
B. she has a passion for skydiving
C. it is not easy to find her present job
D. she is admired by her students
解析：根据最后一段最后三句“But I don’t do it for the money．In fact，I don’t need to get paid at all．I love it that much!”可推知，Donna热爱她的工作，不是因为钱， 而是因为她对跳伞运动的热爱。故选B。
37.The students are______on their first skydiving.(D)
A. delightful and excited
B. brave and excited
C. upset and thrilled
D. frightened and thrilled
解析：根据第五段第三句“They are all nervous and excited．”可知，学员在第一次跳伞时，心情又紧张又兴奋。故选D。
38.Betsy’ s attitude toward her own work is______.(A)
解析：根据第三段最后两句“It’s great．I love the work，and I make a lot of money!”可知，Betsy认为她的工作很棒，能挣很多钱。由此可推知，Betsy很热爱她的 工作。enthusiastic：热情的，符合题意。negative：消极的；annoying：讨厌的，恼人的； crazy：疯狂的，均不符合题意。故选A。
39.What is Career Consulting?(D)
A. It is a company offering jobs for people.
B. It is a movie played by Charles Chaplin.
C. It is a plant making hunting tools.
D. It is a business company helping people find jobs.
解析：根据第三段倒数第五、六句“Career Consulting．It’s a business that helps people find jobs．”可知，Career Consulting是一个帮助人们找工作的公司。故选D。
40.Betsy’ s job-hunting skills comes from______.(B)
A. her experience as a manager in a factory
B. her own job-hunting experience
C. her professors at college
D. her experienced parents
解析：根据第三段第五、六句“I have been out of work many times，so I knew every manual about how to find a job or change a career． I must have been to over 100 interviews in my life，made 1000 phone calls asking for jobs，and sent out resumes to almost 2000 companies．”可知，Betsy有非常丰富的面试经验，因而她对找工作、换职业 的方方面面都很熟悉。由此可推知，Betsy的求职技能来自于她自己的求职经验。故 选B。
If someone says you are smart, what do they mean? Is it a good thing or something bad? The answer is not as easy as you might think. This is because the word \
A. For example
B. In fact
C. At least
D. After all
解析：根据下文可知，空后的“someone could say you look smart or…”是作者举 的一个例子，所以此处应用for example(例如)。故选A。
解析：appearance：外观，外表；fitness：健康；potential：潜能；performance：表现。 根据上文中的“say you look smart”并结合语境可知，这里表示“他们喜欢你的穿着和 外表”。故选A。
解析：hopefully：有希望地；casually：偶然地；absolutely：绝对地，完全地，极其， 非常；immediately：马上。根据上文可知，此处表达的是“你看起来非常酷”，所以 absolutely符合语境。故选C。
解析：由空后的hurtful(伤害人的)可知，空处所填形容词的感情色彩应与 hurtful一致，故unkind(不友好的)符合语境。attractive：吸引人的；special：特殊的； novel：新奇的。故选D。
A. settle down
B. lie down
C. fall down
D. slow down
解析：句意：如果你不小心被椅子绊倒了，你可能会大喊：“噢!真疼啊!”settle down：定居；lie down：躺下；fall down：跌倒；slow down：放慢速度。根据上文中的“trip over a chair(被椅子绊住)”可知，此处应用fall down。故选C。
解析：根据上文中的“it can be unkind or hurtful”和下文中的upsetting(令人不 高兴的)可知，此处表示“如果你的朋友说了一些伤害你感情的话”。hurt one’s feelings为固定搭配，意为“伤害某人的感情”。故选A。
解析：incident：事件；comment：评论，意见；reaction：反应；attitude：态度。上半 句表示“如果你的朋友说了一些伤害你感情的话”，所以下半句表达的是“你可以说 你被这些令人不高兴的评论伤到了”。故选B。
解析：由上句“If you are standing too close to a campfire，you could say your eyes are smarting from the smoke of the fire．(如果你站得离篝火太近，你会说你的眼睛被篝 火的烟熏得很疼)”可知，smarting意为“剧烈的(sharp)疼痛(pain)”。故选C。
解析：desire：欲望，要求；opportunity：机会；willingness：意愿；ability：能力。根 据上下文可知，此处表示“如果一个人聪明绝顶，那么说明这个人具有快速思考的能 力”。故选D。
解析：effective：有效的；differlent：不同的；personal：个人的；creative：创造性的。 根据下文中的Some people和Other people可知，这里表示人们有不同的聪明方式，所 以应选different。
解析：involved：有关的，涉及的；interested：感兴趣的；fortunate：幸运的；expert： 熟练的，内行的。由本句中的But可知，前后两句为转折关系，因此这里表达的是“被 认为有街头智慧的人也许没受过好的教育，但他们很擅长与现实生活中的人打交道 和处理现实中的问题”。故选D。
解析：actually：实际上；seemingly：表面上看来；generally：通常；particularly：特 别地。根据上文和本句中的But可知，这里表示“上了很多年学的人在应对实际存在 于我们世界中的人或问题时，可能就不那么聪明了”。故选A。
解析：possibility：可能性；matter：事实；definition：定义；prediction：预言。根据 下文中的“that means…”可知，这里表达的是“smart的另一种含义”。故选C。
56.The manager was in a bad mood and just now he scolded me without any reason.
57.Shortly after the scholar returned to his motherland, he was appointed as consultant of the company with a good reputation.
58.Word came that the unexpected fire caused a great loss.
59.The chart enables us to know more clearly about the students’ leisure activities at present.
60.Contrary to their expectation, they could not but give up developing that new software for lack of money.
Not only does green symbolize life, but also it is often associated with environmental protection.
As we all know, it is difficult to persuade a heavy smoker to quit smoking.
However busy you are, you shouldn’ t neglect your health, and you’ d better take exercise for half an hour every day.
There is no doubt that what we are doing helps social development.
Make another effort and you will make your dream come true.
66. For this part, you are required to write A Letter of Complaint according to the outline given below. You should write it on the Answer Sheet.
To whom it may concern,
I am one of your customers. I ordered a set of Harry Potter in your online store two weeks ago, but I didn’ t receive them until yesterday. And much to my disappointment, the books were so poorly packed up that the cover of one book was torn. To make matters worse, it is not a complete set, as I found one book missing.
I am unhappy to have received such poor service, and I believe I have the right to ask you to deal with this problem. I hope that you either return my money or deliver a new set of books to me. Besides, I’ d like to be informed of the process of your dealing with my complaint.
I am looking forward to your reply.