江苏专转本(英语)模拟试卷41附答案解析

江苏专转本(英语)模拟试卷41

词汇语法

1.Many difficulties______ as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.(C)

A. risen

B. arisen

C. arose

D. raised

解析:词语辨析题,词形及同义词辨析。rise指自然的上升,为不及物动词;arise(arose,arisen)指出现,呈现,为不及物动词;raise指人为的提升某物的空间位置,为及物动词。此处需要不及物动词,表示出现,因此arose为正确答案。

2.As a result of careless washing, the jacket______to a child’s size.(B)

A. compressed

B. shrank

C. dropped

D. decreased

解析:词语辨析题,同义词辨析。compress指用力挤压使变小,压缩,浓缩;shrink指收缩,蜷缩,皱缩,强调面积的变小;drop指坠下,落下;decrease指数量变小,衣服缩水通常指面积变小,因此shrank(shrink的过去式)符合题意。

3.Some old people don’t like pop songs because they can’t______ so much noise.(C)

A. resist

B. sustain

C. tolerate

D. undergo

解析:词语辨析题,同义词辨析。resist指抵抗,反抗,对抗,抵制,抗拒(一些不好的东西,并带有强烈的感情色彩);sustain指支撑,承受住;忍受,经得住(不好的东西,如:打击,考验等);tolerate指忍受,宽恕,默认(不好的东西的存在);undergo指经历,经受,忍受,强调过程。

4.In developing countries, people are______ into overcrowded cities in great numbers.(C)

A. breaking

B. filling

C. pouring

D. hurrying

解析:词语辨析题,近义词辨析。break into指破门而入;fill into指填充,填满;pour into指倾注,源源输送;hurry into指匆忙进入,此处只有C符合题意,意指人们仍在不断的进人城市。

5.Your hair wants______. You’d better have it done tomorrow.(C)

A. cut

B. to cut

C. cutting

D. being cut

解析:语法题,主动形式表示被动含义。英语中有一些动词可跟主动形式的宾语表示被动含义,如:want,need,此时的主语一般为物;这些动词后面也可跟不定式的被动形式。

6.______, the book has many mistakes.(D)

A. Having not been written carefully

B. Not writing carefully

C. Having written not carefully

D. Not having been written carefully

解析:语法题,要求考生注意分词短语作状语时,分词的形式取决于句子的逻辑主语。句子的逻辑主语为书,它与动词“写”之间的关系为动宾关系,因此分词应为被动态,可先排除答案B,A和C形式上对了,但语序错了,not修饰分词时应放在分词的前面。

7.I went to my adviser to ask him what courses______.(C)

A. should I take

B. must I take

C. to take

D. I were to take

解析:语法题,要求考生注意从句中单词的顺序及从句的缩略形式。由疑问代词引导的从句必须使用正常语序,它可以有省略形式,即省略主语,而把谓语动词变为不定式。因此A和B都不对,而D有时态错误,也不可以用。

8.Ted agreed to______the strike if the company would satisfy the demand of the workers.(C)

A. call out

B. call to

C. call off

D. call on

解析:词语辨析题,同一动词跟上不同的介副词,词义不同。call out指工会等命令工人罢工,唤起,引起;call to无此用法;call off指放弃,取消;call on指呼吁,号召,请求。

9.She thought it was______not to know some of the basic facts of her country.(C)

A. shameful

B. ashamed

C. a shame

D. ashameful

解析:词形词义辨析题。此处意义非常清楚,但同根词的形式难以区分。shameful指可耻的,丢脸的,不道德的,不体面的;ashamed常作表语,表示羞耻,羞愧,害臊;a shame指羞辱,羞愧,耻辱,可耻的人或事;ashameful并无此词。

10.The children are as______ as larks.(A)

A. happy

B. joyous

C. gay

D. merry

解析:固定搭配。此处根据题意四个选项均对,但as happy as a lark是固定搭配,是成语。

11.I need______more volunteers to help move the piano.(D)

A. none

B. any

C. few

D. some

解析:语法题,要求考生注意不定代词作修饰词的用法。首先要看清题意是肯定还是否定,然后决定用肯定的不定代词还是否定的不定代词。此处为肯定含义,因此none,any及few均不能用,而只能用表示肯定的some。

12.Since the flight has been canceled because of bad weather, we______ go by train.(C)

A. ought to have

B. had better to

C. might as well

D. would rather not

解析:might(may)as well+V,表示“还是……好”。

13.I would have helped him solve the problem , but I was so busy then.(B)

A. if it’s possible

B. if it has been possible

C. has it been possible

D. had it been possible

解析:虚拟条件句的倒装形式。

14.I’d just as soon______ that important letter home with you.(A)

A. that you won’t take

B. please don’t you take

C. you not taking

D. you didn’t take

解析:would just as soon后跟从句,从句中一般使用一般过去时态。

15.\(A)

A. should have

B. may

C. must

D. shall

解析:should have done表示“应该做,而事实上没有做”。

16.He______for six years by the time he takes his examination.(B)

A. had been studying English

B. will have been studying English

C. studied English

D. studies English

解析:由by(the time when)引导的将来时间句,其主句时态应使用将来完成时态或将来完成进行时态。

17.If only I______the books on the reading list before I attended the lecture.(D)

A. have been reading

B. would have read

C. have read

D. had read

解析:if only表示“但愿”,后跟虚似语气,本句表示与过去事实相反,因此使用had done。

18.These books, which you can get at any bookshop, will give you______ you need.(A)

A. ail the information

B. all the informations

C. all of information

D. all of the informations

解析:information为不可数名词,前面既不能加a/an,后面又不加“s”。类似的名词还有:knowledge,progress,equipment,luggage等。

19.The British constitution is______a large extent a product of the historical events described above.(B)

A. within

B. to

C. by

D. at

解析:to a large extent为一固定介词短语,意为“很大程度上”。

20.Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested______ at the next town.(A)

A. to stop

B. stopping

C. stop

D. having stopped

解析:suggest后跟动词to do形式。

21.I have no objection______ your story again.(B)

A. to hear

B. to hearing

C. to having heard

D. to have heard

解析:objection to后面加V—ing形式,表示“反对做某事\

22.How many more decades will have to pass ______ scientists succeed in providing a cure for cancer?(C)

A. when

B. since

C. before

D. until

解析:before常可用于将来时态,表示“才;就”,如:It will be several weeks before you are used to the new life in college.几个星期后你就会适应大学里的新生活了。A.when一般不与将来时态连用。B.since常与现在完成时连用。D.until直到,用在此处意义不符。

23.Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people______harm them.(D)

A. more than

B. better than

C. other than

D. rather than

解析:发展核科学当然只应该是为了造福于民。rather than…而不是……,如:He would die rather than surrender.他宁死不屈。A.more than比……多,如:He is more brave than wise.他有勇无谋。B.better than优于。C.other than而不是……,一般用于人,并与no连用,如:She is no other than Jane.她就是珍妮本人。

24.______ their suggestions, we will discuss them fully at the next meeting.(B)

A. In regard for

B. In regard to

C. With regard of

D. Regardless for

解析:in regard to/of关于……,为固定搭配,所以A在形式上就不成立。withregard to也可以表示“关于……”,但不能用介词“of”来代替“to”,因此可以排除C。regardless of不注意,不关心;不顾,如:regardless of wind or rain风雨无阻。所以D项在搭配上也不正确。

25.It is a______to hear his speech.(B)

A. bored

B. bore

C. boring

D. boresome

解析:题干中缺一名词成分,而四个选项中A、C、D均为形容词,只有B.bore令人厌烦的人或事,可以用作名词。A.bored感到厌烦的。C.boring令人厌烦的。D.boresome根本就是一个人造词。

26.There are some______ flowers on the desk.(A)

A. artificial

B. false

C. unreal

D. untrue

解析:artificial人造的,如:artificial silk人造丝。B.false假的;不真实的,指与实际情况不符。如This statement is false.这种说法不属实。C.unreal虚幻的,强调与客观情况不符,不是现实的。D.untrue不真实的,意思同false,花只能说是人造花,即假花,而不能说不是真实的或虚幻的。

27.Some discussion has______about who should be put in charge of this project.(D)

A. risen

B. lifted

C. raised

D. arisen

解析:从题意中可得出此处应填一个不及物动词,故可排除B、C两项。D.arise出现;发生,如:Difficulties will arise as we do the work.我们着手工作时定会困难。A.rise上升;上涨,如:The price rose up.价格上涨,用在此处不合句意。

28.I don’t think I know the girl with long hair although she______me of someone I know.(D)

A. remembers

B. recalls

C. suggests

D. reminds

解析:remind使回想起;提醒,常用于“remind sb.of sth.使某人回想起……”结构中。如:remind me of my childhood使我回想到自己的童年。A.remember记住,记得,如:I remember her name.我记得她的名字。B.recall回想起,如:recall one’s hometown回想起自己的家乡。C.suggest建议;表明,如:His word suggested his support to our plan.他的话表明他支持我们的计划。A、B、C项均不能用于…sb. of sth.结构中。

29.You should______ these tables and buy new ones.(D)

A. throw off

B. throw down

C. throw up

D. throw away

解析:throw away扔掉,如:Don’t throw this book away.It may be used later.别把这本书给扔了,以后可能有用。A.throw off摆脱掉;匆匆脱下(衣服),如:throw off the bad habit摆脱坏的习惯。此处题意是说去旧换新,而非摆脱桌子。B.throw down朝下扔。C.throw up(接名词)放弃,如:throw up one’s job放弃工作。

30.I hope to hear more about the activities______ there.(A)

A. going on

B. being gone on

C. being happened

D. to be happened

解析:此处考动词现在分词用作定语。首先从go on和happen两个短语均不能用于被动语态,可直接排除B、C、D项。注意只有及物动词才有可能出现过去分词用作定语,如:a book written by Mark Twain马克·吐温写的一本书。

31.Although the examination he had passed was unimportant, his success______ him in his later study.(D)

A. persuaded

B. promised

C. urged

D. encouraged

解析:encourage鼓励,如:He encouraged me to accept this challenge.他鼓励我接受这一挑战。A.persuade说服,常用persuade sb.to do sth.说服某人做某事。B.promise答应,允诺,如:He promised to come.他答应要来的。C.urge鞭策,力促,如:to urge the horseon鞭马前进。从题意中可以看出这次考试并不重要,只是鼓励了他,而不是鞭策他。所以D为最佳答案。

32.The relationship between employers and employees has been studied______.(D)

A. originally

B. extremely

C. violently

D. intensively

解析:词语辨析题,要求考生结合语意,选择最合适的词。originally指最初地.原始地,独创性地;extremely指末端地,极端地,激进地;violently指猛烈地,激烈地,极端地,极度地,凶暴地,由暴力引起地;intensively指加强地,集中地,深入细致地。B和C有贬义,不适合,A不符合题意,因此D为最合适的答案。

33.My brother’s plans are very______: he wants to master English. French and Spanish before he is sixteen.(B)

A. abundant

B. ambitious

C. arbitrary

D. aggressive

解析:词语辨析题,要求考生了解词的外延意义。abundant指数量上的多,大;ambitious褒义时指有雄心的,劲头十足的,贬义时指有野心的;arbitrary贬义,指任意的,专断的,专横的;aggressive贬义时指侵略的,爱寻衅的,行为放肆,过分;褒义时指敢做敢为的,有进取心的。根据题意,我弟弟不仅有上进心,而且计划宏伟,只有ambitious符合题意。

34.The lawyer advised him to drop the ______, since he stands little chance to win.(A)

A. case

B. event

C. affair

D. incident

解析:词语辨析题,要求考生不仅了解词的相同之处,还应了解它们的特殊用法。此处四个词均可表示事件,但各有侧重。case不仅指事实,实情,状况,事例,实例;还指病例,患者,诉讼,案件。event指事件,大事,事变,事情,偶然事件,活动,经历。affair单数时指令人不快的事件,事情,复数时指比较重要的事务,事态。incident指小事,插曲,或政治事变。此题关键词是lawyer,因此答案为case。

35.Trade unions often ______ with employers for better conditions of pay employment.(C)

A. ask

B. require

C. bargain

D. plead

解析:词语搭配题,要求考生能根据题意选择最佳搭配。此题四个选项中有三个可与题中介词for搭配,但意思不同,ask for指请求,向……要;通过询问来寻找;require需要,要求,命令,为及物动词,不能跟介词for; bargain for讨价还价.谈判,想廉价把……弄到手,指望,预期;plead for表示辩护,抗辩,申明,后跟人。

36.Will all those______ the proposal raise their hands?(D)

A. in relation to

B. in excess of

C. in contrast to

D. in favor of

解析:词语辨析题,要能区分易混短语中心词的基本含义,因为短语的区别通常在于中心词的区别。in relation to指关于,涉及,有关;in excess of指超过;in contrast to指与……形成对照;in favor of指赞同……,支持……,有利于……。

37.A lot of people have tried, but______have succeeded.(B)

A. the few

B. few

C. some few

D. a few

解析:词语辨析题,同时涉及逻辑关系。the few指上文已提到的少数,意义肯定,few指几乎没有,意义否定;some,few不能同时使用,a few指有一些,意义肯定。此句后半部分语意转折,应为否定,故答案应为few。

38.Who is______ personnel at present?(D)

A. in the charge of

B. under charge of

C. under the charge of

D. in charge of

解析:词语辨析题,词形及同义词辨析。in the charge of指在某人的掌管、控制下,后跟人,此人为主控;under charge of同under the charge of指在某人的掌管(看管)下,后跟人,此人为主控;in charge of主管,掌管,看管,后跟物。此处personnel(人事部)为一个部门,因此答案为in charge of。

39.Everybody looked______ the direction of the explosion.(C)

A. to

B. from

C. in

D. into

解析:介词搭配。look to指照管,留心,注意,期待,主语通常为人,后面通常跟人或物,跟方向时,主语为物;look from后跟地点或物品,表示从某个方位看;look in加方向表示朝某个方向看,look into指调查事件,或朝某物里面看。

40.Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only______ to his confusion.(C)

A. extended

B. amounted

C. added

D. turned

解析:搭配及语意理解。此处四个词均可与介词to搭配,但搭配后的意义完全不同,extend to指延伸至;amount to指合计,总共达,相当于,等于;add to指增添,做加法;turn to指转向某人寻求帮助,只有add to符合题意。

常规阅读

American society is not nap(午睡)friendly. In fact, says David Dinges, a sleep specialist at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. \

41.The purpose of this article is to______.(D)

A. warn us of the wickedness of napping

B. explain the danger of sleepiness

C. discuss the side effects of napping

D. convince the reader of the necessity of napping

解析:这是一道推理题。文章首先介绍美国人对午睡的认识,然后介绍了睡眠不足的危险,最后发出建议:任何时候,任何地方想睡就睡。据此D项正确。

42.The research done by the Dement commission shows that Americans______.(C)

A. don’t like to take naps

B. are terribly worried about their national debt

C. sleep less than is good for them

D. have caused many industrial and traffic accidents

解析:这是一道推理题,美国人的睡眠债是由于补足睡眠导致的一系列危险。据此C项正确。

43.The second sentence of the last paragraph tells us that it is______.(D)

A. preferable to have a sound sleep before a night shift

B. good practice to eat something light before we go to bed

C. essential to make up for cost sleep

D. natural to take a nap whenever we feel the need for it

解析:这是一道推理题。最后一段第二句句意为:打瞌睡并不是为了弥补睡眠不足或是准备上夜班.而是对睡眠本身的有益补充。据此,D项正确。

44.It is commonly accepted in American society that too much sleep is______.(A)

A. unreasonable

B. criminal

C. harmful

D. costly

解析:这是一道细节题。题于意思是美国社会对太多的睡眠的态度。根据文中所举的俗语可以说吗,美国人认为过多睡眠是不正确,不合理的。

45.The \(A)

A. the traditional misconception the Americans have about sleep

B. the new sleep policy of the Clinton Administration

C. the rapid development of American industry

D. the Americans’ worry about the danger of sleepiness

解析:这是一道推理题。美国人的睡眠债是指美国人一直认为午睡是不合理的。也就说美国人传统上对睡眠的误解。

It is everyone agrees, a huge task that the child performs when he learns to speak, and the fact that he does so in so short a period of time challenges explanation.

Language learning begins with listening. Individual children vary greatly in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and late starters are often long listeners. Most children will \

46.From the passage we learn that______.(C)

A. early starters can learn to speak within only six months

B. children show a strong desire to communicate by making noises

C. imitation plays an important role in learning to speak

D. children have various difficulties in learning to speak

解析:这是一道推理题。根据全文内容可知,作者想通过本文内容告诉读者模仿在学习语言过程中的重要角色。

47.The third paragraph is mainly about______.(A)

A. the development of babies’ early forms of language

B. the difficulties of babies in learning to speak

C. babies’ strong desire to communicate

D. babies’ intention to communicate

解析:这是一道推理题。第三段介绍了婴儿语言的演变过程,先是发声,然后咿呀学语。据此,A项正确。

48.The author’s purpose in writing the second paragraph is to show that children______.(D)

A. usually obey without asking questions

B. are passive in the process of learning to speak

C. are born cooperative

D. learn to speak by listening

解析:这是一道推理题。第二段首先交代了学语言从听开始。然后介绍孩子如何听。作者第二段目的是想告诉读者孩子通过听的方式学习语言。

49.By \(C)

A. no explanation is necessary for such an obvious phenomenon

B. no explanation has been made up to now

C. it’s no easy job to provide an adequate explanation

D. it’s high time that an explanation was provided

解析:这是一道推理题。该句话句意为;小孩子能在如此短的时间内学会说话,这个事实需要人们加以解释。Challenge动词的使用表明这种解释不是容易的。C项正确。

50.The best title for this passage would be______.(A)

A. How Babies Learn to Speak

B. Early Forms of Language

C. A Huge Task for Children

D. Noise Making and Language Learning

解析:这是一道主旨题。文章第一段中交代文章的目的:解释小孩子在如此短的时间内学会说话。据此,A项正确。

Most people would agree that, although our age exceeds all previous ages in knowledge, there has been no corresponding increase in wisdom. But Agreement ceases as soon as we attempt to define \

51.According to the author, \(D)

A. carefully consider the bad effects of any kind of research work

B. give each important problem some careful consideration

C. acquire a great deal of complex and special knowledge

D. give suitable consideration to all the possible elements in a problem

解析:这是一道推理题。通读全文可推出,智慧是一种能力。这种能力是在某个问题上综合考虑方方面面。D项正确。

52.Lowering the infant death-rate may .(C)

A. prove to be helpful everywhere in the world

B. give rise to an increase in population in Europe

C. cause food shortages in Asia and Africa

D. raise the living standard of the people in Africa

解析:这是一道推理题。文中描述:一个意想不到的结果是婴儿死亡率降低使得世界上人口众多地区的食品供应紧张,生活水平下降。据此,C项正确。

53.Disagreement arises when people try to decide______.(B)

A. how much more wisdom we have now than before

B. what wisdom is and how to develop it

C. if there is a great increase of wisdom in our age

D. whether wisdom can be developed or not

解析:这是一道细节题。文中描述,当我们试着给智慧下定义改进它的时候,分歧开始出现了。据此B项正确。

54.The author uses the examples in the passage to illustrate his point that______.(A)

A. it’s extremely difficult to consider all the important elements in problem

B. success in medical research has its negative effects

C. scientists may unknowingly cause destruction to the human race

D. it’s unwise to be totally absorbed in research in scientific medicine

解析:本题是一道推理题。文中提到:我谈一下比例感:即在处理问题时充分考虑到各个因素并权衡重要性。这一点现在变得很难把握,因为专业知识和各种各样的技术相联系变得更复杂、范围更广泛。接下来举例证明以上观点。A项正确。

55.What is the main idea of the passage?(C)

A. It is unwise to place the results of scientific research in the hands of a powerful mad man.

B. The more knowledge one has, the wiser one becomes.

C. Any increase of knowledge could lead to disastrous results without the guidance of wisdom.

D. Wisdom increases in proportion to one’s age.

解析:这是一道主旨题。文章最后一句话为本文的中心内容。A正确。

Although April did not bring us the rains we all hoped for, and although the Central Valley doesn’t generally experience the atmospheric sound and lightning that can accompany those rains, it’s still important for parents to be able to answer the youthful questions about thunder and lightning.

The reason these two wonders of nature are so difficult for many adults to explain to children is that they are not very well understood by adults themselves. For example, did you know that the lightning we see flashing down to the earth from a cloud is actually flashing up to a cloud from the earth? Our eyes trick us into thinking we see a downward motion when it’s actually the other way around. But then, if we believed only what we think we see, we’d still insist that the sun rises in the morning and sets at night.

Most lightning flashes take place inside a cloud, and only a relative few can be seen jumping between two cloud or between earth and a cloud. But, with about 2, 000 thunderstorms taking place above the earth every minute of the day and night, there’s enough activity to produce about 100 lightning strikes on earth every second.

Parents can use thunder and lightning to help their children learn more about the world around them. When children understand that the light of the lightning flashing reaches their eyes almost at the same moment, but the sound of the thunder takes about 5 seconds to travel just one mile, they can begin to time the interval between the flash and the crash to learn how close they were to the actual spark.

56.We believe that lightning is a downward notion because______.(B)

A. we were taught so by our parents from our childhood

B. we are deceived by our sense of vision

C. it is a common natural phenomenon

D. it is a truth proved by science

解析:这是一道细节题。根据文中内容,是我们的眼睛使我们错误的认为闪电的运动是从上至下。所以B项正确。

57.The word \(D)

A. cloud

B. lightning strikes

C. lightning flashes

D. thunderstorms

解析:本题是一道推理题。根据上下文推理,activity指代上文中提到的大雷雨。

58.According to the author, in the area of the Central Valley, ______.(A)

A. rains usually come without thunder and lightning

B. it is usually dry in April

C. children pay no attention to natural phenomena

D. parents are not interested in thunder and lightning

解析:本题是一道细节题。根据原文:虽然中心山谷一般不会经历可能在下雨时出现的电闪雷鸣。据此A项正确。

59.What is TRUE about lightning according to the passage?(D)

A. Only a small number of lightning flashes occur on earth.

B. Lightning travels 5 minutes faster than thunder.

C. Lightning flashes usually jump from one cloud to another.

D. There are far more lightning strikes occurring on earth than we imagine.

解析:本题是一道细节题。根据文中内容,大多数闪电是在云中产生,我们只能看到一小部分闪电在两片云或地面与云块之间游走。所以D项正确。

60.It can be concluded from the passage that______.(C)

A. we should not believe what we see or hear

B. things moving downward are more noticeable

C. people often have wrong concepts about ordinary phenomena

D. adults are not as good as children in observing certain natural phenomena

解析:本题足一道推理题。根据文中内容:过去知道从云层闪现地面的电光实际上是由地面冲向云霄的吗?我们的眼睛使我们误认为看到的是由上向下的运动,丽实际上恰好相反。C项正确。A项内容太过绝对。B项内容文中未涉及。D项内容错误。

阅读填空

阅读理解大题型虚题型

Did you ever have someone’s name on the tip of your tongue and yet you were unable to recall it?【C1】______this happens again, do not【C2】______to recall it. Do something【C3】______for a couple of minutes.【C4】______the name may come into your head. The name is there, since you have met【C5】______person and learned his name. It【C6】______has to be dug out. The initial effort to recall【C7】______the mind for operation, but it is the subconscious(下意识的) 【C8】______that go to work to dig up a【C9】______memory. Forcing yourself to recall【C10】______never helps because it doesn’t【C11】______your memory; it only tightens it. Students find the preparatory method helpful【C12】______examinations. They read over the questions【C13】______trying to answer any of them.【C14】______they answer first the ones【C15】______which they are most confident. Meanwhile, deeper mental activities in the subconscious mind are taking【C16】______; work is being done on the【C17】______difficult question. By the time the easier questions are answered, answers【C18】______the more difficult ones will usually begin to【C19】______into consciousness. It is often【C20】______a question of waiting for recall to come to the memory.

61.【C20】(C)

A. nearly

B. likely

C. just

D. even

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:你需要做的仅仅是等待。等待过去已有的信息在脑海中重现。A项意为几乎,差不多,B项意为很可能,C项意为仅仅、只,D项意为甚至、更。

62.【C19】(D)

A. appear

B. grow

C. extend

D. come

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:当所有容易的题目做完之后,难题也就迎刃而解。come into consciousness可以意译为迎刃而解。

63.【C18】(A)

A. to

B. of

C. about

D. for

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:当所有容易的题目做完之后,难题也就迎刃而解。空白处用于修饰answers,几个介词中to合适。

64.【C17】(D)

A. too

B. less

C. not

D. more

解析:根据上下文,空白处旬意为:对那些难题的思维活动脑子也在进行。此处修饰难题应该使用比较级。且下文中有重复出现。

65.【C16】(A)

A. place

B. shape

C. charge

D. action

解析:take place固定搭配,意为发生。

66.【C15】(A)

A. of

B. with

C. for

D. in

解析:be confident of固定搭配,意为确信。

67.【C14】(D)

A. Thus

B. But

C. Therefore

D. Then

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:然后先做那些他们认为最有把握的题目。阅读之后再做题目。只有then是之后的意思。

68.【C13】(C)

A. after

B. besides

C. before

D. against

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:他们在答题前先浏览整个试卷。只有before用于空白处意思通顺。阅读后做题是正常的顺序。

69.【C12】(B)

A. into

B. in

C. about

D. by

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:学生发现考试中的准备策略是有帮助的。helpful in固定搭配,意为有助于。

70.【C11】(A)

A. loosen

B. weaken

C. decrease

D. reduce

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:因为不是放松记忆。loosen与下文中tighten相对应。

71.【C10】(B)

A. merely

B. almost

C. barely

D. hardly

解析:根据上下文,空白处旬意为:强迫回忆没有用。A项意为仅仅,只不过,B项意为几乎,C项意为几乎没有,D项意为几乎不。C、D项表示否定意思,与never搭配表示肯定意义,不符合文章内容。

72.【C9】(C)

A. light

B. fresh

C. dim

D. dark

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:它是要把你头脑的模糊记忆挖掘出来。C项意为模糊的,A项意为轻微的,B项意为新鲜的.D项意为黑暗的。

73.【C8】(B)

A. deeds

B. activities

C. movements

D. procedures

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:这种尝试记忆是一种下意识的活动……,尝试记忆是一种活动。只有B项是活动行为的意思。

74.【C7】(D)

A. leads

B. begins

C. helps

D. prepares

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:这种对信息的最初的尝试记忆因为你的思维活动做了准备。D项正确。

75.【C6】(C)

A. then

B. really

C. only

D. indeed

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意:你需要做的仅仅是把这些内容从头脑中挖掘出来。A项意为那时,B项意为真正,C项意为仅仅,D项意为的确。

76.【C5】(D)

A. some

B. certain

C. a

D. this

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意为:因为你曾经遇到过这个人也知道他的名字。空白处修饰你应该记得名字的那个人。用this比较合适。

77.【C4】(B)

A. unless

B. and

C. or

D. until

解析:使用排除法。根据上下文空白处表示一种顺承关系。AD排除。and是“和”的意思表示事物之间的并列,而or是或者的意思表示事物间的选择,二选一,选择句容易出现在疑问句。此空格处选择and更为合适。

78.【C3】(C)

A. simple

B. apart

C. else

D. similar

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意:做一些其他的事情。C项正确,符合句意。A项意为简单的,B项意为分开的,D项意为相似的。

79.【C2】(A)

A. try

B. want

C. hesitate

D. wait

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意:你没必要绞尽脑汁去回忆。本题考查近义词辨析。A项try表示努力、费力的尝试,适合句意。

80.【C1】(B)

A. As

B. When

C. While

D. Whether

解析:根据上下文,空白处句意:当这种情况再次发生时。本题考查when引导状语从句。

词汇

英译汉

81.Research suggests that there are typically two different leadership roles that are held by different individuals.

研究显示,有两种完全不同的领导角色可以由不同的个体承担。

解析:

82.According to sociologists, there are several different ways in which a person may become recognized as the leader of a social group.

社会学家称,有几种不同的途径可以辨认出一个人是否可以成为社会组织的领导者。

解析:

83.Last year, more than 1, 200 men and nearly as many women were reported missing from home-the highest in 15 years.

据报道,去年有超过1 200名男士以及差不多数量的女士从家中出走了一一这一数量是15年以来最高的。

解析:

84.Just as the older bank emphasized its strength, this bank by its architecture boasts of imaginative powers.

就像以前的银行强调力量一样,这个银行通过建筑设计表现想象的力量。

解析:

85.In his generation money was thought of as a real commodity(实物)that could be carried, or stolen.

在他们这一代,金钱被看做是真实的实物,可以被携带,可以被偷窃。

解析:

汉译英

86.没人想交一个没有个性的朋友!

No one wants a friend who isn’t original!

解析:

87.你可以从你的兄弟那儿借些钱。

You could borrow some money from your brother.

解析:

88.现在的家长们更难驱使他们的孩子。

Parents these days push their children much harder than before.

解析:

89.在另一个方面,他们也需要时间和自由的空间来放松。

On the other hand,they also need time and freedom to relax.

解析:

90.当这些孩子成为成年人时,他们会发现很难自己安排计划。

When these kids are adults,they might find it difficult to plan things for themselves.

解析:

翻译大题型虚题型

91.For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic \

Desk Culture

Sitting in a classroom at college, you occasionally catch sight of something written on the desk, which is an index of some college students’ psychology and becomes part of the campus culture. This is why it is called \

解析:

语音

短对话

长对话

情景对话

重写句子

听力对话单题

听力对话组题

短文理解

短文填空

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