在职申硕同等学力英语(口语交际)模拟试卷5含答案解析

在职申硕同等学力英语(口语交际)模拟试卷5

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词汇语法

词汇大题型

阅读理解

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短对话

A. Alright, but that’s no excuse.

B. I’m quite disappointed as a matter of fact.

C. I’m afraid there is.

Mrs. Sears: Waiter! I’d like to speak to the manager please… immediately if possible.

Waiter: Is anything wrong, Madam?

Mrs. Sears: 【D1】______ The service here has been terrible. We had to wait twenty minutes for a glass of mineral water.

Waiter: I see. Well, I’m sorry to hear that. The trouble is we’re a bit short of hands at present. Two waitresses are ill.

Mrs. Sears: 【D2】______My husband asked for goose and he was brought chicken instead. It’s just unbelievable! And my beans weren’t cooked properly. It wasn’t a very enjoyable meal at all.

Waiter: This is most regrettable.

Mrs. Sears: Look at this bill. We’ve been overcharged. We only had one dessert, not two. Can you check the bill again, please?

Waiter: I do apologize, Madam.

Mrs. Sears: I’m afraid I’m not going to pay the service charge, or give a tip as I don’t feel satisfied with it. 【D3】______

Waiter: I’ll pass on your complaints to the manager and check your bill right away.

Mrs. Sears: Thank you.

1.【D1】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析: 这是一段发生在餐馆里顾客和服务员之间的对话,对话中顾客表达了对餐馆服务的不满。首先,应该明确三个答案选项的语法功能和语义。A选项是短回答,意思是:好吧,但那不是借口。B选项是完整句,意思是:事实上,我相当失望。C选项是省略的主从复合句,意思是:我恐怕是有。

其次,认真阅读对话,特别是仔细体会空白处的上下文的语义。根据第1题前面的Is anything wrong,Madam?(夫人,有什么问题吗?)和它后面的The service here has been terrible(服务非常差),本题的正确答案应该是C,C表达的完整语义应该是I’m afraid there is something wrong。第2题前面的句子The trouble is we’re a bit short of hands at present.Two waitresses are ill(问题是我们现在人手很紧张,有两个服务员生病了)是服务员给出的服务差的原因解释,据此可以判断本题的正确答案是A。第3题的正确答案是B,是对前面说的I’m afraid I’m not going to pay the service charge,or give a tip as I don’t feel satisfied with it(因为我对服务不满意,所以我不会付服务费和小费)的补充解释和突出强调。

2.【D2】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

3.【D3】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

A. I’d like to know what’s on.

B. Every night except Sunday.

C. Well, you might get a ticket at a reduced price. Clerk: Hello, can I help you with something?

Lady: Yes. You see, I’m spending a few days in the city and 【D4】______

Clerk: Well, there’s a musical, \

4.【D4】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析: 这段对话是顾客询问工作人员有关演出方面的一些问题。首先,应该明确三个答案选项的语法功能和语义。A选项是主从复合句,意思是:我想知道现在在演什么?其中,be on(上演)是常用词组,通常指电影和演出的上演。B选项是短回答,意思是:每天晚上,星期天除外。C选项是完整句,意思是:你可以拿到打折的票。

其次,应该区分说话人的身份。其中,B和C选项应该是Clerk的回答;而A选项是Lady的问题。因此,最容易判断的是第4题,只有这是顾客提出的问题,所以正确答案是A。第三,认真阅读对话,特别是仔细体会空白处的上下文的语义。根据第5题前面的问题When’s it on,exactly(具体是什么时间演),本题的正确答案是B。第6题正确答案是C,与其后面的It says here,“some tickets may be sold at half price half an hour before the performance starts.”(这写着“在开演前半个小时,部分票可以半价销售”)语义相符。

5.【D5】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

6.【D6】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

A. Is that all it is?

B. I wish I could, but I can’t.

C. That’s no big deal.

Eddie: Look at this picture. It’s a beautiful boat. The rooms on the boat look comfortable and each has a private bath. I think there’s a TV in every room too.

Karen: 【D1】______ You could stay home and have the same thing.

Eddie: Come on, Karen. You’ve been working so hard on your book. You really need a rest.

Karen: Yes, but I’m sure it’ll be very expensive.

Eddie: It is expensive, but we really can afford it. We’ve both been working very hard and we deserve it, don’t you think so?

Karen: 【D2】______

Eddie: Why not? Your book is almost finished. You haven’t gotten behind in your writing, have you?

Karen: No. look, the problem is that I get seasick. I mean really seasick. Last time when I was on a sea voyage, I nearly got myself killed. I’ve tried all kinds of medicine. Nothing works. I’m really sorry.

Eddie: 【D3】______ Listen, Karen, there’s an excellent new medicine—in fact, it’s a small patch that you wear behind your ear for about a week. If you need more medicine, you just put on a new patch. It’s helped lots of people get over sickness.

Karen: Let me think about it. I’ll tell you tomorrow.

7.【D1】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析: 这是一段朋友之间关于坐船出游的对话。首先,应该明确三个答案选项的语法功能和语义。A选项是一般疑问句;意思是:这就是全部的吗?B选项是but引导的并列句;意思是:我希望我可以,但是我不能。其中,I wish I could使用了虚拟语气。C选项是完整句,意思是:那没什么了不起的。其中no big deal(小事一桩)是常用习语。

其次,认真阅读对话,特别是仔细体会空白处的上下文的语义。根据第1题后面的句子You could stay home and have the same thing(你待在家里同样可以享受这些)可以看出Karen对Eddie的建议不以为然,所以正确答案应该是C。第2题前面Eddie所说的We’ve both been working very hard and we deserve it,don’t’you think so?(我们工作都很努力,我们应该享受它,你不这么想吗?)是表达邀请,对于邀请的否定回答就是B,也就是正确答案。第3题的正确答案是A,这是Eddie在听完Karen描述自己晕船的感受后给出的评论。

8.【D2】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

9.【D3】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

A. But it’s worth it, though.

B. Isn’t it exciting?

C. How could I forget it?

Bill: Well, the holidays will be coming soon.

Helen: I know! 【D4】______ Next week at this time, we will be traveling to the airport!

Bill: No, we won’t’ We will be already sitting in the plane, ready to take-off!

Helen: Yes, just think! In a few days’ time we will be lying in the sun under one of those big umbrellas in Hainan.

Bill: Remember last time you were there? You got sunburnt because you stayed outside for too long.

Helen: 【D5】______So this time I’m going to take with me enough sun lotion and a big hat. In fact, I have prepared everything I can think of to protect myself from being hurt by the sun. But it doesn’t mean I won’t get a little browner at all.

Bill: Do you think we will like the food in the hotel? Last time we stayed in a small hotel. The food was not so good as we expected.

Helen: Never mind. It is said that there is always a lot of fresh seafood and fruit to be sold on the street. Besides, they are cheaper than the price here. When we come back in a fortnight, we’ll buy enough presents this time not only for our children, but also for our friends and neighbours.

Bill: I’m afraid it will cost us a lot of money again. 【D6】______

Helen: Of course. I can’t wait for the time to come! Bill, Look! What’s this letter? It’s from the travel company! It’s a warning that we haven’t paid for the holiday yet! Did you forget to post that check?

Bill: Oh, my god. It must still be in my suit pocket! … All right, don’t stare at me like that. I know it’s my fault. Where’s my pen? I’ll mail it right away.

10.【D4】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析: 这是一段夫妻之间在畅想假日旅行的对话。首先,应该明确三个答案选项的语法功能和语义。A选项是完整句,意思是:尽管如此,但还是值得的。B选项是一般疑问句,意思是:那不是很令人兴奋吗?C选项是感叹句,意思是:我怎么能忘了呢。

其次,认真阅读对话,特别是仔细体会空白处的上下文的语义。根据第4题前面的Well,the holidays will be coming soon(假期马上就要到了)以及后面的Next week at this time,we will be traveling to the airport!(下周的这个时候我们已经在去机场的路上了),本题的正确答案应该是B,表达的是对即将到来的假期旅行的兴奋和盼望。根据第5题前面的Remember last time you were there? You got sunburnt because you stayed outside for too long.(记得上次你在那儿的情形吗?因为在外面待的时间太长了,你都晒黑了),本题的正确答案应该是C;而且C中的forget和问题中Remember形成了词汇上的呼应。根据第6题前面的句子I’m afraid it will cost us a lot of money again.(恐怕又要花掉我们一犬笔钱),本题的正确答案应该是A,和前面刚好构成转折关系,A选项中的it代指的是前面的a lot of money。

11.【D5】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

12.【D6】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:

长对话

A. I’d prefer to work in the morning

B. you are well qualified for the job

C. You may start next week.

D. I’m aware of that.

Interviewer: I see from your application that 【D7】______, Mrs. Sharp. We would be interested in having you work for us.

Eddie: Well, thank you. I have done this kind of work before. I love children, and of course I did a good job raising my own son.

Interviewer: Are you interested in part-time or full-time employment?

Eddie: Only part time, forty hours in one week is too much for me.

Interviewer: You know that part-time employees don’t get any other benefits besides their wages.

Eddie: Yes. 【D8】______ May I ask you if I can decide the hours I would work?

Interviewer: I can only give you the choice of working from 7 : 00 a. m. till noon or from noon till 5: 00 p. m. Our part-time work week is 25 hours.

Eddie: 【D9】______, because I have a lot of work to do around the house everyday. And besides, I have to prepare dinner for my husband.

Interviewer: Ok. Mrs. Sharp, or should I say Eddie? You’re hired. Just sign your name on this sheet of paper. 【D10】______Mrs. Clarkson has got something ready for you— a blackboard, some chalks, crayons and a tape recorder. She’ll show you around later.

13.【D7】(B)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析: 这是一段招聘者面试求职者的对话。首先,应该明确四个答案选项的语法功能和语义。A选项是完整句,语义是:我更喜欢在上午工作。B选项是完整句,意思是:你完全能够胜任这个工作。C选项是完整句,意思是:你下周就可以开始工作。D选项是完整句,意思是:我意识到了这一点。

其次,应该区分说话人的身份。其中,显而易见,B和C应该是招聘者说的话:因此,剩下的A和D选项应该是Eddie的回答。第三,认真阅读对话,特别是仔细体会空白处的上下文的语义。可以先判断招聘者说的第7和第10题,根据两个题目在对话中的位置可以做初步的判断,第7题对话开头处,正确答案应该是B;第10题对话结尾处,正确答案应该是C。此外,可以结合前后文语义做进一步的核对。B与第7题后面的句子We would be interested in having you work for us(我们有意请您为我们工作)语义相符;C与第10题后面的句子Mrs.Clarkson has got something ready for you(克拉克森女士已经为你准备好一些你要用的教具)以及She’ll show you around later(她会带你四处转转)语义相符。根据第8题前面招聘者所介绍的You know that part-time employees don’t get any other benefits besides their wages(你知道兼职员工是不享受工资之外的其他待遇的),本题是表示对这一情况的了解和理解,所以正确答案应该是D。第9题之前谈到的是具体工作时间,之后是解释求职者要做的其他家务活,所以本题正确答案应该是A。

14.【D8】(D)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:

15.【D9】(A)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:

16.【D10】(C)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:

A. Well, it seems to work.

B. I don’t know about that

C. That shows how young you are.

D. You hear it everywhere

Interviewer: What do you write? Story books? Plays?

Pat: Just articles for newspapers.

Interviewer: What are you working on now?

Pat: I’ve just finished a piece of background music.

Interviewer: Background music? Oh, like the music they’re playing here in the restaurant?

Pat: Yes. 【D7】______… in restaurants, airports, supermarkets, chain stores and department stores. It’s supposed to put you in a good mood.

Interviewer: I’m not sure I like that idea.

Pat: 【D8】______Companies pay millions of dollars every year for background music. It’s supposed to give you a better feeling about yourself and the people around you.

Interviewer: Now that I think about it, I can’t remember when there wasn’t background music in restaurants and stores.

Pat: 【D9】______Actually, it all started during World War II when some factories had their own music band to keep workers happy and calm. Now, of course, different kinds of music are played at different time during the day. They play faster music at ten in the morning than at eight because workers seem to be slower then.

Interviewer: What about restaurants? Do they play the same music for dinner and lunch?

Pat: 【D10】______, but I do know that hamburger places play fast music. When they started playing faster music, they found that a customer spent only seventeen minutes eating like mad. The time was twenty-two minutes before that. You see, 5 minutes faster merely by a change of background music.

Interviewer: Interesting. So they can prevent customers from staying too long and can have more people coming in and out to buy hamburgers.

17.【D7】(D)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析: 这段采访主要是围绕背景音乐的相关知识进行的。首先,应该明确四个答案选项的语法功能和语义。A选项是完整句,语义是:它好像是有用的。B选项是完整句,意思是:关于这个问题,我不太清楚。C选项是主从复合句,意思是:这显示出你有多年轻。D选项是完整句,意思是:到处你都能听到它。

其次,认真阅读对话,特别是仔细体会空白处的上下文的语义。在这四道题目中,最难判断的是第8题,应该先完成另外三道题目,最后结合排除法再来做第8题。根据第7题后面in restaurants,airports,supermarkets,chain stores and department stores(在餐厅、机场、超市、连锁商店和百货商店)这些地点的列举可以判断,本题的正确答案应该是D。根据第9题之前的句子Now that I think about it.I can’t remember when there wasn’t background music in restaurants and stores(现在我想到它,几乎想不起在餐厅和商店没有背景音乐的时候)以及后面的句子Actually,it all started during World War II when some factories had their own music band to keep workers happy and calm(实际上,它是第二次世界大战时才有的,当时一些工厂让自己的乐队演奏乐曲来使工人觉得平静和愉快),本题的正确答案应该是C,谈到的都是时间问题。第10题前是一般疑问句Do they play the same music for dinner and lunch?(他们午餐和晚餐放同样的音乐吗),本题应该给出回答,因此正确答案应该是B,而且与其后面的but I do know that hamburger places play fast music(但是,我确实知道快餐店放的是快节奏的音乐)语义连贯,合乎逻辑。最后,第8题的正确答案应该是A,前面采访者对于Pat所说的背景音乐能使人保持好的情绪不以为然,而它后面的句子则说很多公司每年花很多的钱在背景音乐上,本题应该是承前启后的句子,起到转折作用,应该是肯定背景音乐的作用。

18.【D8】(A)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:

19.【D9】(C)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:

20.【D10】(B)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:

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