在职申硕(同等学力)英语模拟试卷161含答案解析

在职申硕(同等学力)英语模拟试卷161

完成对话

对话理解

对话理解大题型

1.Before the construction of the road, it was prohibitively expensive to transport any furs or fruits across the mountains.(D)

A. determinedly

B. incredibly

C. amazingly

D. forbiddingly

解析:句中prohibitively的意思是“禁止地,过高地”。与它相接近的词是forbiddingly“禁止地,令人生畏地”。determinedly“断然地”;incredibly“不能相信地”;amazingly“令人惊讶地”都不符合句意。故选D。

2.At dusk, Mr. Hightower would sit in his old armchair in the backyard and wistfully lose in reminiscence of his youth romances.(A)

A. hopefully

B. reflectively

C. sympathetically

D. irresistibly

解析:句中画线的词wistfully的意思是“渴望地,希望地”,与它的意思相接近的词是hope—fully“希望地”,reflectively“沉思地”;sympathetically“同情地,怜悯地”;irresistibly“不可抗拒地”都不符合题意。故选A。

3.The prodigal son spent his money extravagantly and soon after he left home, he was reduced to a beggar.(A)

A. lavishly

B. economically

C. thriftily

D. extrovertly

解析:本句说这个浪荡子挥霍金钱,句中extravagantly的意思是“挥霍无度地”,四个选项中lavishly“浪费地”与它意思相近。economically“经济地,节约地”;thriftily“节俭地”;ex—trovertly“性格外向地”都不符合句意。故选A。

4.The chimney vomited a cloud of smoke.(C)

A. ignited

B. immersed

C. emitted

D. hugged

解析:vomit的意思是“吐出,喷出”,在句中意为“排放浓烟”,emitted“释放,放出”与它意思相近。ignited“点燃”;immersed“浸入”;hugged“拥抱”都不符合句意,故选C。

5.The rear section of the brain does not contract with age, and one can continue living without intellectual or emotional faculties.(D)

A. advanced

B. growing

C. front

D. back

解析:本句中画线的词rear的意思是“后面的,后方的”,与它意思相近的词是back“后面的”。advanced“高级的,先进的”;growing“成长的”;front“前面的”都不符合句意,故选D。

6.Born in 1863, Annie Fellows Johnston wrote stories for juveniles that became very popular and are still widely read.(A)

A. young people

B. women

C. foreigners

D. sports fans

解析:本句中画线的词juvenile的意思是“青少年”,与它意思相近的是young people。women“女人”;foreigners“外国人”;sports fans“体育迷”均不符合句意。故选A。

7.At the last moment, the basketball player made a clever maneuver that allowed him to score.(D)

A. match

B. duty

C. march

D. move

解析:maneuver的意思是“机动”,move“动作,举动,招式”与它的意思相近。match“比赛”;duty“责任,义务”;march“行军,前行”都无此意。故选D。

8.Andre Watts gave a dazzling interpretation of Beethoven’s \(D)

A. daring

B. faithful

C. (an)ornate

D. brilliant

解析:句中dazzling的意思是“耀眼的,炫目的”,与它意思相近的词是brilliant“精彩的,闪耀的”。其他选项daring“大胆的,勇敢的”,faithful“忠实的”,ornate“装饰华丽的,(文体)绚丽的”均不符合句意。故选D。

9.Susan B Anthony, the American champion of woman’s suffrage, was also a participant in the movement to end slavery.(A)

A. partaker

B. (an)observer

C. leader

D. supporter

解析:句中participant的意思是“参与者”,与它意思相近的词是partaker。其他选项ob—server“观察者”;leader“领导者”;supporter“支持者”都无此意。故选A。

10.The goose quill pen has a great sentimental appeal in this century’s highly mechanized culture.(B)

A. fashioned

B. emotional

C. monetary

D. historic

解析:句中sentimental的意思是“情感的”,与它意思相近的词是emotional。其他选项fashioned“时兴的”;monetary“金融的”;historic“具有历史意义的”均不符合句意。故选B。

词汇语法

词汇大题型

阅读理解

Ten years ago, when environmental lawyer Kassie Siegel went in search of an animal to save the world, the polar bear wasn’t at all an obvious choice. Siegel and Brendan Cummings of the Center for Biological Diversity in Joshua Tree, Calif., were looking for a species whose habitat was disappearing due to climate change, which could serve as a symbol of the dangers of global warming. Her first candidate met the scientific criteria—it lived in ice caves in Alaska’s Glacier Bay, which were melting away—but unfortunately it was a spider. You can’t sell a lot of T-shirts with pictures of an animal most people would happily step on.

Next, Siegel turned to the Kittlitz’s murrelet, a small Arctic seabird whose nesting sites in glaciers were disappearing. In 2001, she petitioned the Department of the Interior to add it to the Endangered Species list, but Interior Secretary Gale Norton turned her down. Elkhorn and staghorn coral, which are threatened by rising water temperatures in the Caribbean, did make it onto the list, but as iconic species they fell short insofar as many people don’t realize they’re alive in the first place. The polar bear, by contrast, is vehemently alive and comes the undeniable charisma of a top predator. And its dependence on ice was intuitively obvious: it lives on it most of the year. But it took until 2004 for researchers to demonstrate that shrinking sea ice was a serious threat to the bears’population. On Feb. 16, 2005—the day the Kyoto Protocol to curb greenhouse gas emissions took effect, without the participation of the United States—Siegel petitioned to list polar bears as endangered. Three years later her efforts met with equivocal(不明确的)success, as Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne designated the bears as \

11.Siegel and Cummings hoped to choose an animal to______.(A)

A. call on people to take actions against global warming

B. make people aware of the danger of environmental damage

C. introduce to people a new concept of environmental protection

D. remind people of the importance of protecting endangered species

解析:细节题。第一段第二句说“Siegel and Brendan Cummings of the Center for Biological Diversity in Joshua Tree,Calif.,were looking for a species whose habitat was disappearingdue to climate change,which could serve as a symbol of the dangers of global warming.”即Siegel正在寻找一个由于气候变化而逐渐消失的物种,希望用它作为警示全球变暖危害的象征物。这样做的目的是号召人们与全球变暖作斗争。故选A。

12.The problem with elkhorn and staghorn corals lies in that______.(C)

A. they were not much-liked by many people

B. they were not well-known enough to be an icon

C. they were not considered animals by many people

D. they were not added to the list of Endangered Species

解析:细节题。第二段第三句说“Elkhorn and staghorn coral,which are threatened by rising wa—ter temperatures in the Caribbean,did make it onto the list,but as iconic species they fellshort in so far as many people don’t realize they’re alive in the first place.”小鹿角珊瑚和糜角珊瑚成功地被列入了濒危物种名单,但作为标志性物种还有欠缺,因为很多人并没有意识到珊瑚是活的动物。故选C。

13.It can be learnt that the polar bear______.(D)

A. was first considered by Siegel to be the iconic animal in 1998

B. was first proposed by Siegel to be the endangered species in 2004

C. was not qualified scientifically as the endangered species until 2005

D. was not officially under the government protection until 2008

解析:推断题。第二段第七、八句说2005年Siegel申请将北极熊列为濒危物种名单,三年后美国内政部长宣布北极熊为“受威胁物种”。这算得上一个成功,但还不是完全意义上的成功,因为濒危物种比“受威胁物种”的等级更高。故选D。

14.Which of the following is chosen by Siegel as the symbolic animal?(B)

A. The murrelet nesting in glaciers.

B. The polar bear in the North Pole.

C. The spider in Alaska’s Glacier Bay.

D. Staghorn corals in the Caribbean.

解析:判断题。第二段第二句说Siegel申请将Kittlitz’s murrelet列人濒危物种名单,但却遭到美国内政部长的拒绝。所以A不对。第一段最后两句说蜘蛛满足科学的濒危标准,但是如果T恤衫上印着大部分人都喜欢踩踏的蜘蛛,估计这种T恤也不会热卖,起不到宣传的作用,所以C不对。根据第二段第三句所说,可知D也不对。故选B。

15.The passage is focused on______.(B)

A. how the scientists tried to protect endangered species

B. how the symbolic endangered species has been chosen

C. the relation between global warming and endangered species

D. the problems in and the future of endangered species protection

解析:主旨大意题。本文介绍了Siegel选择警示全球变暖危害的象征动物的过程。故选B。

More American mothers than ever are working, and more workers are mothers. Yet their march into the world of paid work continues to cause suspicion. One recent survey found that 48 percent of Americans believe that preschoolers suffer if their mothers work, while another found that 42 percent of employed parents think that working mothers care more about succeeding at work than meeting their children’s needs.

The kids are all right. Studies conducted by the University of Michigan have consistently demonstrated that a child’s social or academic competence does not depend on whether a mother is employed. In my research four out of five children told me that having a working mother was their preferred arrangement. My study found that children with working mothers are no more likely to drop out, take drugs, break the law, or experiment with sex prematurely than children with non-employed mothers. Children have taken their mothers’ example to heart. Ninety percent of the young women I interviewed said they hoped to combine work with motherhood, while two-thirds of the men said they wanted to share parenting and work.

Sadly, children support working mothers more than we do as a society. Parental leave and child-care benefits in the United States remain inadequate, particularly when compared to what’s offered in other countries. Children thrive when their mothers have satisfying, well-paid jobs when they can count on other caretakers to share the load. The challenge facing us is thus not whether good workers can also be good mothers, but whether we can create the conditions that enable working mothers and fathers to be good parents.

16.From the first paragraph, we can see that______.(D)

A. now more American mothers are working than any time in American history and anywhere else in the world

B. more than half Americans think that before going to school, children need their mothers’whole-hearted care

C. a majority of Americans believe that once working outside home mothers think of their own work more than their children

D. more American mothers work than ever before, but this problem of working mothers has not been solved satisfactorily

解析:归纳题。文章第一段说,现在美国有更多的母亲在工作,但是对于她们参加工作的问题各方说法仍然不一。故选D。

17.From the passage, we can not find the proof of the fact that______.(C)

A. mothers do their household work today just as well as they did before

B. with their mothers working, children are better off

C. lack of mothers’ care, children like to go astray

D. in single-parent families, most children like their mothers to go out working

解析:细节题。第二段说“My study found that children with working mothers are no more likelyto drop out,take drugs,break the law,or experiment with sex prematurely than childrenwith non—employed mothers.”根据他自己的研究,青少年辍学、吸毒以及违反法律等情况的发生率,在母亲外出工作的家庭中与母亲不外出工作的家庭中相同。故选C。

18.In the last paragraph, \(D)

A. parents should not leave and pay more care to their children

B. parental leave and child care is contradicted

C. children have inadequate care from their parents

D. in the United States, parents enjoy inadequate child-care leave and allowance

解析:推断题。parental leave指的是育婴假,child—care benefits则指的是育儿津贴,原文中这句的意思是说美国的父母们享受的育婴假和津贴都比其他国家少。故选D。

19.What do the Americans need in solving the problem of working mothers?(D)

A. They need the support of males.

B. They need the understanding of other members of their families.

C. They need young people to be well-prepared to work both in and outside their homes.

D. They need especially the powerful support, of the society for working mothers.

解析:推断题。文章表明,儿童、父亲以及将来要为人父母的青年男女都支持母亲出去工作,将来他们自己也应准备这样做,唯一缺少的就是社会的支持。故选D。

20.What is the main idea of the passage?(A)

A. We should let mothers work without worries.

B. It is better for mothers to stay at home.

C. We should work hard, especially mothers.

D. Like mothers, like children.

解析:主旨大意题。文章最后一段提到美国社会对工作的母亲支持不够的问题。最后一句说“The challenge facing us is thus not whether good workers can also be good mothers,butwhether we can create the conditions that enable working mothers and fathers to be goodparents.”意为,我们现在面临的挑战不是好的工作人员能否成为好母亲的问题,而是我们能否创造条件使工作的父母成为好父母的问题。故选A。

Job sharing refers to the situation in which two people divide the responsibility of one full-time job. The two people willingly act as part-time workers, enough hours between them to fulfill the duties of a full-time worker. If they each work half the job, for example, they each receive 50 percent of the job’s wages, its holidays and its other benefits. Of course, some job sharers take a smaller or larger share of the responsibilities of the position, receiving a less or greater share of the benefits.

Job sharing differs from conventional part-time work in that it occurs mainly in the more highly skilled and professional areas, which requires higher levels of responsibility and employee commitment.

Job sharing should not be confused with the term work sharing, which refers to increasing the number of jobs by reducing the number of hours of each existing job, thus offering more positions to the growing number of unemployed people. Job sharing, by contrast, is not designed to address unemployment problems: its focus, rather, is to provide well-paid work for skilled workers and professionals who want more free time for other activities.

As would be expected, women constitute the bulk of job sharers. A survey carded out in 1988 by Britain’s Equal Opportunities Commission revealed that 78 percent of sharers were female, the majority of whom were between 20 and 40 years of age. Subsequent studies have come up with similar results. Many of these women were re-entering the job market after having had children, but they chose not to seek part-time work because it would have meant lower status.

Job sharing also offered an acceptable shift back into full-time work after a long absence.

The necessity of close cooperations when sharing a job with another person makes the actual work quite different from conventional one-position jobs. However, to ensure a greater chance that the partnership will succeed, each person needs to know the strengths, weaknesses and preferences of his or her partner before applying for a position. Moreover, there must be a fair division of both routine tasks and interesting ones. In sum, for a position to be job-shared well, the two individuals must be well matched and must treat each other as equals.

21.\(B)

A. loyalty

B. qualification

C. experience

D. achievement

解析:推断题。由第二段上下文语意可知,轮岗制工作要求员工有高度责任感和个人能力。loyalty意为“忠诚”;qualification意为“资格;条件”;experience意为“经验”;achievement意为“成就”。故选B。

22.Work sharing is different from job sharing in that______.(C)

A. it requires more working hours

B. it depends on the employer’s decision

C. it provides more work positions

D. it offers a more satisfactory salary

解析:推断题。job sharing意为“轮岗制,轮班制”。轮岗制是两个人轮流做一份通常由一人做的工作。work sharing意为“分摊式工作”。由于失业率增加,为保证每个人都有工作而引进工作分摊制这个想法。答案在第三段第一句“Job sharing should not be confusedwith the term work sharing,which refers to increasing the number of jobs by reducing thenumber of hours of each existing job,thus offering more positions to the growing number ofunemployed people.”说工作分摊可以创造更多的工作机会。故选C。

23.Job sharing is popular with young mothers mainly because______.(A)

A. they can take care of both work and family

B. they are over ideal working ages

C. they seek equal opportunities with men

D. they have difficulty finding full-time jobs

解析:细节题。第四段最后一句“Many of these women were re—entering the job market afterhaving had children,but they chose not to seek part—time work because it would have meantlower status.”,说很多重新回到就业市场的女性都有了孩子。故选A。

24.According to the survey, the sharers women consist of______.(D)

A. 20%

B. 40%

C. 50%

D. 78%

解析:细节题。在第四段第二句“A survey carded out in 1988 by Britain’s Equal OpportunitiesCommission revealed that 78 percent of sharers were female,the majority of whom were be—tween 20 and 40 years of age.”文中说78%的轮岗制工作者是女性。故选D。

25.The main purpose of the passage is to______.(B)

A. recommend job sharing to women

B. describe job sharing in general

C. criticize job sharing as inefficient

D. discuss a way to tackle unemployment

解析:主旨大意题。本文的主要目的是描述轮岗制工作,故选B。

There are over 6,000 different computer and online games in the world now. A segment of them are considered to be both educational and harmlessly entertaining. One such game teaches geography , and another trains pilots. Others train the player in logical thinking and problem solving. Some games may also help young people to become more computer literature, which is more important in this technology-driven era.

But the dark side of the computer games has become more and more obvious. \

26.Which of the following computer games is NOT mentioned as educational and harmlessly entertaining?(C)

A. Those that help people learn more about computers.

B. Those that teach the features of the earth.

C. Those that provide special training for writers online.

D. Those that provide special training for pilots.

解析:细节题。根据第一段可知,人们认为有一些电脑游戏既有教育意义又有一定的娱乐作用。有的电脑游戏教人们学地理,有的可以训练飞行员,有的可以训练人们的逻辑思维能力和解决问题的能力,有些游戏还可以帮助人们了解更多的计算机语言,这在我们这个技术驱动的时代是更加重要的。这里没有提到训练网上写作(special training forwriters online)。故选C。

27.According to one study, most computer and online games______.(D)

A. allow the players to take part in killing acts

B. teach the players to be antisocial

C. make the players forget the real life results

D. that young people like contain violence

解析:细节题。第三段第一句“One study showed that almost 80 percent of the computer and on—line games young people preferred contained violence.”可知,一项研究表明青年人喜欢的电脑游戏和网上游戏中80%含有暴力的内容。故选D。

28.Many studies have suggested that______.(B)

A. more and more young people enjoy cruel computer games

B. violence in computer games makes their players more aggressive

C. there are now far more incidents of violence due to computer games

D. simulated violence in computer games is different from real violence

解析:推断题。第五段最后一句“Many have suggested that there is a connection between vio—lence in games and increased aggressiveness in the players.”可知,许多研究表明游戏中的暴力与玩游戏的人的暴力倾向增强是有关系的。故选B。

29.The author uses \(D)

A. other factors must be considered as possible causes of violence in real life

B. computer and online games are not the only cause of increased violence in real life

C. the commercial world is contributing to the increased violence in real life

D. there is a close link between computer games and increased violence in real life

解析:推断题。最后一段最后两句“It seems unrealistic to insist that people are not influenced bywhat they see.If that were true,why would the commercial world spend billions of dollarsannually for television advertising?”可知,看来认为人们不受他们所看到的东西影响是不现实的。如果不受影响的话,为什么商家每年要花数十亿美元做电视广告呢?故选D。

30.The best title for the passage could be______.(A)

A. The Dark Side of Computer Games

B. Computer Games—Advantages and Disadvantages

C. The Development of Violent Computer Games

D. A Study on the Influence of Computer Games

解析:主旨题。全文主要介绍了电脑游戏的负面影响。根据第二段第一句“But the dark sideof the computer games has become more and more obvious.”可知,电脑游戏的负面影响越来越明显了。该句为全文的主题句。故选A。

In 2011, green homes made up roughly 17 percent of the market and is expected to reach two out of five homes by 2016, according to the report.

The biggest attribute to a green home is energy efficiency, of course. Ninety percent of homeowners surveyed said energy efficiency is important because of personal values, and because of lower energy bills. Other eco-friendly factors include indoor air quality, material durability, use of post-consumer materials and sustainability-focused waste management practices.

Another big incentive for consumers is the fact that mortgage lenders and regional programs-offer discount interest rates for green homes.

Regardless of the incentive, consumers should also inquire about the materials that they will be using to build their home, especially the foundation. A home built with concrete blocks, for example, does not suffer from the same number of insect infestations as wood construction homes.

Don’t just call an exterminator. Call an expert—866-953-0103. $50 off Orkin? Pest Control. Schedule Your Free Estimate Today!

Comment 1:

Great ideas, many people are working now to make the world more green.

Comment 2:

The demands for green homes and the market of 17 percent must be increased and there must be insects and infections cured for wooden constructions.

Comment 3:

The concept is nice but I think, technology has changed a lot in today’s modern world but some of the techniques of construction will remain same as it was in 1800 s. More ideas should be introduced in construction to offer environment friendly homes.

Comment 4 :

The idea of investing a house that makes you save money is not bad. It’s a long-time investment and I’ve been thinking for a while to make some changes. Could you for instance tell me how low the energy bills get? 20% or 50% ? The thing with concrete blocks is that during summertime it gets really hot and there’s no air. I would go anytime for wood instead of concrete. And the bugs problem, well you solve it once and you solve it for good! As far as I can see, the green homes trend is expanding quickly! I have started to get sick of all the skyscrapers!

Comment 5:

All homeowners can be proud that wood is a renewable and green product.

31.What is the theme of the blog quoted?(B)

A. How to choose material for green homes.

B. The demand for green homes is on the rise.

C. Green homes and personal values.

D. Long term development starts from housing.

解析:推断题。博文第一段讲的就是环保房屋的销售呈上升趋势。据报道,2011年环保房屋市场占有率为17%而预计到2016年会更多。在第二段作者分析了这一现象背后的两大原因。尽管文章提到了建筑材料的使用,但那仅是提醒消费者水泥地基更牢固,所以A不能选。原文没有提到人们的购买动机,故不能选C。也没有论述开发绿色房屋的长远意义,所以选项D也要排除。故选B。

32.The personal values(Para.2)may refer to______.(D)

A. the pursuit of wealth

B. the idea of trying new

C. rejection to the modern technology

D. the consciousness of continual development

解析:推断题。根据personal values所在的句子可知,作者认为由于个人价值观的原因大家认为节能是很重要的,所以个人价值观就有可能包含“可持续发展”的意思。其他3个选项都与energy efficiency没有逻辑上的因果关系。故选D。

33.When people choose green homes, which of the following doesn’t belong to his or her first consideration?(D)

A. Energy saving.

B. Bill paid for energy consumption.

C. The lowered interest rates offered.

D. The material usability.

解析:细节题。根据第二、三段的内容,可知选项A“节能”、选项B“能源消耗账单”和选项C“低息贷款”都是人们在选购环保房屋时要优先考虑的,故选D。

34.From comment 2 to comment 4, we learn people show concerns over______.(B)

A. the techniques of renewing waste

B. the choice of different construction materials

C. the energy bills

D. the popularity of green homes

解析:推断题。根据评论2和评论4,可知他们讨论的都是建筑材料耐用性的问题。评论2提醒大家木结构房屋的害虫防治。评论4说网友还是坚持木质地基而不是混凝土。故选B。

35.All of the commentators’ attitude towards green homes can be summarized as being______.(A)

A. supportive

B. negative

C. objective

D. doubtful

解析:观点概括题。从五条评论看,网友们都对环保房屋表示支持。唯一有争议的是地基的选材,是选择木质还是混凝土的地基,但也够不上质疑,只是个人选择不同而已。所以排除选项D。故选A。

完形填空

Children model themselves largely on their parents. They do so mainly through identification. Children identify【C1】______a parent when they believe they have the qualities and feelings that are【C2】______of that parent. The things parents do and say—and the【C3】______they do and say to them—strongly influence a child’s behavior.

A parent’s actions【C4】______affect the self image that a child forms through identification. Children who see mainly positive qualities in their parents will likely learn to see themselves in a positive way. Children who observe chiefly【C5】______qualities in their parents will have difficulty【C6】______positive qualities in themselves. Children may【C7】______their self image, however, as they become increasingly【C8】______by peer groups.

In the case of a dramatic change in family relations, the【C9】______of an activity or experience depends on how the child interprets it. Children interpret such events according to their established attitudes and previous training. Children who know they are loved can,【C10】______, accept the divorce of their parents or a parent’s early death. But if children feel unloved, they may interpret such events as a sign of rejection or punishment.

36.【C1】(B)

A. to

B. with

C. around

D. for

解析:identify with为固定用法,意为“把…和…联系起来;认同”。故选B。

37.【C2】(B)

A. informed

B. characteristic

C. conceived

D. indicative

解析:characteristic特点,特性。be characteristic of的意思是“具有…的特性”。文中的意思是“…代表他父母特点的品质和情感”。其他三项为inform通知;conceive想象;indicative指示的。故选B。

38.【C3】(C)

A. gesture

B. expression

C. way

D. extent

解析:这里way是指父母的行为方式。gesture手势;expression表情,facial expressions面部表情;extent范围,程度,to some extent在某种程度上。故选C。

39.【C4】(C)

A. in turn

B. nevertheless

C. also

D. as a result

解析:前面说“父母的言行会极大地影响孩子的行为”,这里讲“父母的言行也会影响孩子的自我形象”,所以用副词also。in turn依次;nevertheless然而;as a result结果。故选C。

40.【C5】(A)

A. negative

B. cheerful

C. various

D. complex

解析:由上句positive可以推测出此处要选其反义词negative,因为两句为相对的。cheerful兴高采烈的;various各式各样的;complex复杂的。故选A。

41.【C6】(B)

A. see

B. seeing

C. to see

D. to seeing

解析:have difficulty(in)doing sth.是固定用法,意为“做…有困难”。故选B。

42.【C7】(A)

A. modify

B. copy

C. give up

D. continue

解析:此句是受到父母的言行影响的转折,说孩子还会修正自己的自我形象。modify修正;copy模仿;give up放弃;continue继续,均不符合文意。故选A。

43.【C8】(B)

A. mature

B. influenced

C. unique

D. independent

解析:influenced受影响的。全文都在说孩子的言行会受到父母们的影响,这里应该在说孩子的言行也会受到同年级孩子的影响。故选B。

44.【C9】(B)

A. result

B. effect

C. scale

D. cause

解析:句意是说:在家庭关系突然变化的情况下,该活动或经历对孩子的影响取决于他们对这些事如何理解。result结果;effect影响;scale刻度;cause原因。故选B。

45.【C10】(B)

A. luckily

B. for example

C. at most

D. theoretically

解析:逗号后面的一句是对前句的解释,是举例说明,故选for example。luckily幸运的是;atmost至多;theoretically从理论上讲。故选B。

挑错

英译汉

46. The opening ceremony of an Olympic games is not an entertainment show, it is not even really about the sporting event itself: it is a national manifesto, a reflection of how a nation sees itself, and where it is going.

Beijing was a show of power, strength and dominance. It was an announcement to the world stage that China was re-emerging into the ascendancy. An unstoppable force which most citizens, and many foreigners, believed has its best days still to come.

The British example could not have been more different. Leaving aside any concerns over matters of taste, which it would appear Aiden Burley MP has bravely taken the lead on, it was almost uniquely inward looking: championing political correctitude, social programmes, altruism and diversity, ignoring Empire, wealth, power, conflict and gain.

奥运会的开幕式不只是一场娱乐性表演,其本身实际上也是一场体育赛事。它是一个国家的展示,反映了一个国家如何看待自我,又如何奔向未来。

北京奥运展示了中国的国力、实力和主导地位。它向世界舞台宣示了中国重新走向欣欣向荣,大多数中国公民和很多外国人士都相信的不可阻挡的力量,中国最好的日子必将到来。

英国的情形就与之大相径庭了。撇开国会议员Aiden Burley出场勇于引领开幕式走向高潮的情趣如何,伦敦开幕式的情调几乎完全可以说是内向型的:确保政治态度的万无一失、社会资助项目、全力献身和多样性,而完全忽视了帝国威严、财富、国力、纷争与得失。

解析:

汉译英

翻译大题型

47.Write at least 150 words about the topic: The Problem of Rising Hospital Charges.

You should write according to the outline given below.

1.现在去医院看病的费用越来越高…

2.造成这种现象的原因是…

3.解决的办法是…

The Problem of Rising Hospital Charges

Nowadays, people often complain that the charges of medical treatment and drugs are rising so fast, and they are even beyond people’s burden. I’m also a member of the society, so I have been experiencing it all the time.

This situation has various reasons. First, the operative expense used in a hospital is out of control , which causes higher costs of management. Second, the new advanced equipment needs more financial support but the government has not given them enough funds. So patients must pay for the expensive equipment. Third, the operating process of the medical drugs is complex. As a result, there are too many middle processes causing the higher costs.

In order to solve the problems above, we should take some practical measures. Firstly, control the costs of operation and management in the hospital. Secondly, ask the government for more support to buy advanced and valuable equipment. Thirdly, reduce the middle processes of operating drugs and control the price of it. I think these measures can reduce the charges in hospitals.

解析:

完成文章

A. What struck him B. therefore C. broke out

Phrases:

A. the plague【T1】______in southern England

B.【T2】______was the conjecture that the same force of gravity

C. Newton【T3】______spent the next eighteen months at home

In the year 1665, when Newton was twenty-two,【T4】______, and the University of Cambridge was closed.【T5】______, removed from traditional learning, at a time when he was inpatient for knowledge and, in his own phrase, \

48.【T1】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:这句话的意思是“瘟疫在英国南部爆发”。主语是瘟疫,空格处要填谓语,所以broke out(爆发)合适。故选C。

49.【T2】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:这个分句的意思是:使他惊讶的是…。空格处应填主语,三个选项只有What引导的主语从句,故选A。

50.【T3】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:therefore在本句话中不仅表示“因而”之意,还从时间上表示“在那之后”。少年的牛顿因为英国爆发瘟疫,所以他只好回家待了18个月。故选B。

51.【T4】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:空格前先说时间,1665年,再说牛顿已是22岁了。在空格后说牛顿读书的剑桥大学关了门。中间应当是说具体发生了什么事情。选“英国南部发生了瘟疫”最适合。故选A。

52.【T5】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:紧接上句,剑桥大学被关闭了,后面自然牛顿就得回家了。“因此,牛顿就正好在家待了接下来的18个月”,故选C。

53.【T6】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:此处要填的是一个插入句,空格前面出现的句子说:he saw an apple fall,即牛顿看到了苹果落地,这一事实引起了牛顿的深思。空格后面的句子是: …到达树的顶端苹果会冲出地球及大气层,再进入太空。因此,要填的部分,必定是引起牛顿思考的内容,故填What struck him was the conjecture that the same force of gravity(让他感到惊奇的是同样的引力之谜)。故选B。

A. for granted B. accounts C. enables

Phrases:

A. it only【T7】______people to produce

B. he also took it【T8】______

C. it【T9】______for the difference

There can be no doubt that division of labor is an efficient way of organizing work. Fewer people can make more pins. Adam Smith saw this but【T10】______that division of labor is in itself responsible for economic growth and development and that【T11】______between expanding economies and those that standing still. But division of labor adds nothing new:【T12】______more of what they already have.

54.【T7】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:这个空格要填谓语动词,再根据句型enable sb.to do sth.(使某人做某事)能判断出答案,故选C。

55.【T8】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:take…for granted是固定搭配,意为“认为某事是理所当然的”,故选A。

56.【T9】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:account for是固定搭配,意为“对…负有责任;对…做出解释”,故选B。

57.【T10】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:这句话的意思是:亚当·斯密看到了这一点,但同时理所当然的认为劳动分工本身能够促使经济增长和发展。but前主语是Adam Smith,所以接下来用he代替,故选B。

58.【T11】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:根据后面between…and…,所以能想到应该是“在…之间有差别”,故选C。

59.【T12】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:这里的意思是:但是劳动分工并不增加新的东西,只能够让人能生产出更多已有的东西。前面说不增加新的东西,所以空格应说生产出已有的东西。故选A。

A. the next half century

B. reducing death rates

C. developing world

D. infectious diseases

Phrases:

A. could potentially become the toughest problem of【T13】______

B. provides the tools and methods for lengthening life spans and【T14】______

C. with virtually all the new growth occurring in the【T15】______

D.【T16】______are much less frequent due largely to public health measures

It is the application of technology to physical resources that provides for human life and eventually sets the limits on the number of people who can be fed, but technology also【T17】______As a result, high birth rates are no longer closely matched by high death rates as they were until modern times:【T18】______: and physical vitality has been increased by improved nutrition. These changes have brought about what is today familiarly called the \

60.【T13】(A)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:根据语法知识可以判断,介词of后面应该接名词或动名词,但四个选项均符合。这题比较难判断,可以用排除法,确定了69~71题答案之后,故选A。

61.【T14】(B)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:and前后构成并列,lengthening life spans和reducing death rates并列。故选B。

62.【T15】(C)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:空格处要填地点,developing world(发展中国家)是地点。故选C。

63.【T16】(D)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:句意为:——大大降低,主要归功于公共健康措施,填infectious diseases合理,构成因果关系。故选D。

64.【T17】(B)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:根据空格后:结果是,现在与高出生率相对应的再也不是高死亡率,所以前面填“延长寿命并降低死亡率”,故选B。

65.【T18】(D)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:这几句说的是死亡率降低原因,空格后说:由于营养的改善,人们生命力更强,所以前句应填跟它并列的原因:传染病的发病率大大降低。故选D。

66.【T19】(A)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:空格前是除非被控制,所以后句说人口爆炸有可能成为本世纪下半叶最棘手的问题比较合适,故选A。

67.【T20】(C)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:空格后的while表示转折对比,空格后说的是:富裕国家人口保持不变,所以前句应填新增人口都出现在发展中国家,这样才构成对比。故选C。

短对话

A. we are all booked up for Flight 802 on that day

B. what about the fare

C. I’d like to make a reservation to Boston next week

Agent: Good morning. The United Airlines. What can I do for you?

Caller: Yes,【D1】______

Agent: When do you want to Ay?

Caller: Monday, September 12.

Agent: We have Flight 802 on Monday. Just a moment please. Let me check whether there’re seats available. I’m sorry【D2】______

Caller: Then, any alternatives?

Agent: The next available flight leaves at 9: 30 Tuesday morning September 13. Shall I book you a seat?

Caller: Er…It is a direct flight, isn’t it?

Agent: Yes, it is. You want to go first class or coach?

Caller: I prefer first class,【D3】______?

Agent: One way is $ 176.

Caller: OK. I will take the 9: 30 flight on Tuesday.

Agent: A seat on Flight 807 to Boston 9: 30 Tuesday morning. Is it all right, sir?

Caller: Certainly.

68.【D1】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:这是一个典型的订票场景。空格下面航空公司服务员问到“您打算什么时候飞?”,证明打电话的人提出了自己的订票要求,C为最佳答案(想订一张下周去波士顿的往返机票)。故选C。

69.【D2】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:空格前说“不好意思”,证明服务员在查询之后要告知不好的信息:那就是票已订满,其中be booked up意思是“订满了”。故选A。

70.【D3】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:空格下面讲到“单程为176美元”,可知空格处应该是问的票价(fare)问题。fare尤指交通费用。故选B。

A. Do you have the baggage claim tags

B. I’ve been waiting in the baggage claim area for one hour

C. we are terribly sorry for the inconvenience

Traveler:【D4】______, but still can’t find my luggage.

Staff: May I know your airline company and the flight number?

Traveler: It’s United Airline. The flight number is 311.

Staff:【D5】______?

Traveler: They are here.

Staff: I am sorry. Your luggage was probably misplaced in Seattle while you transited there.

Traveler: What should I do now?

Staff: Would you please fill out this form and leave your address and phone number where we can contact you here? We’ll contact you as soon as we can, and deliver them to where you are staying.

Traveler: What if my luggage was damaged?

Staff: Then, we will give you compensation for it. Again,【D6】______

71.【D4】(B)

A.

B.

C.

解析:空格后说旅客一直没看见自己的行李(but still can’t find my luggage),三个选项只有B项符合,说他已经在行李提取区(baggage claim area)等了一个小时了。故选B。

72.【D5】(A)

A.

B.

C.

解析:在了解了旅客的问题后,地勤人员询问了旅客的航空公司及航班号,后面应该让旅客出示行李提取牌(baggage claim tag),这是旅客在办理登机和行李托运手续后获得的行李领取凭证。故选A。

73.【D6】(C)

A.

B.

C.

解析:在办妥了相关的行李遗失登记手续后,地勤人员应该向旅客表示诚挚的歉意。“be terri—bly sorry for the inconvenience”是在给别人带来不便时表示道歉的常用说法。故选C。

长对话

A. It’s really family first

B. the real work will start when they walk off the stage

C. then it was just a penalty

D. because I’m a pretty street-smart guy

Yorke: You’ve talked about finding meaning in suffering. What do you mean by that?

McGrow: Everybody at some point is going to have misfortune. I think if we don’t learn from that,【D7】______But if you use it, then it becomes tuition. I draw a lot on my personal experiences. It’s hard for people to deceive me,【D8】______

Yorke: Are there families who come on your show but whom you feel you just can’t help?

McGrow: I never think that I’m doing eight-minute cures on television. But I think that 50 percent of the solution to any problem lies in defining it first. I can be an emotional compass that points them down the path, but【D9】______

Yorke: What would you say is the greatest value system that you have?

McGrow:【D10】______Our family and its properties, needs, values, come before everything else—work, recreation, whatever.

74.【D7】(C)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:对话前面Yorke问到:“你常说从痛苦中找到意义,这是什么意思呢?”McGrow对此解释就是“如果我们不从痛苦中学习,那么痛苦就是个惩罚(penalty)。如果我们利用了它,那就是笔学费(tuition)了。”这里有很明显的对比关系,it指代misfortune(厄运)。故选C。

75.【D8】(D)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:空格前面McGrow说到很难欺骗(deceive)到他,下面应交待原因,选择D最合适(因为他是个很熟悉都市生活方式的人)。这里street—smart意为“在城市中有灵活的生存能力”。故选D。

76.【D9】(B)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:谈到对某些家庭问题在电视节目上的治疗效果,McGrow否认他会使用“快速疗法”(eight—minute cures),但他会是个“情感的指南针”(emotional compass),使得真正起作用的时候是他们走下舞台之后。故选B。

77.【D10】(A)

A.

B.

C.

D.

解析:针对前面Yorke提出的问题“什么是你所拥有的最有价值的东西?”,空格后谈到家庭,显然McGrow认为家庭是最为重要的。所以空格填family first。故选A。

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