专业英语四级模拟试卷690含答案解析

专业英语四级模拟试卷690

听写

1.

There is a lot of debate over the best way / to measure the economic costs of smoking./ Every study is based on different assumptions and uses different methods./ For example, should you measure the cost of smoking / by looking at the cost of treating major illnesses like lung cancer? / Or should you measure the cost of less serious illnesses? / Anyway, regardless of how you calculate them, / the economic costs of smoking are insignificant/ when compared with the real price of smoking: / the misery caused by the death of over 400,000 people each year.

解析:本文主题:抽烟的经济成本。本文中第三、四句话为疑问句,句尾注意要用问号,尤其是第三句话,由于被分成了两段,要特别注意断句与标点。最后一句中的数字——400,000(four hundred thousand)一般直接写数字,也可以拼出。文中需要注意的、较易拼错的单词有:measure、assumptions、calculate、insignificant和misery,需要注意时态和单复数的表达有:is based on、assumptions、illnesses和compared。

讲座

Surviving in the Jungle

1. Right equipment

– 【T1】______ clothing 【T1】______

– The only defence against 【T2】______【T2】______

– The legs of the long trousers put into 【T3】______【T3】______

– A 【T4】______【T4】______

– An instrument to find the direction

– A 【T5】______【T5】______

– An instrument to protect your head

2. A 【T6】______pace 【T6】______

– 【T7】______, and rest often 【T7】______

– Follow 【T8】______in the general direction 【T8】______

3. Safe water and food

– Water:

– Streams near native villages: 【T9】______to drink 【T9】______

– Water given by many plants and vines: pure to drink

– Food:

– Fruits and nuts the birds and monkeys choose: safe to eat

– Meat of many kinds of 【T10】______: safe to eat 【T10】______

2.【T1】

Lightweight

解析:细节题。根据讲座第二段:No one should go into the jungle without the right equipment.You need lightweight clothing…可见去丛林需要穿轻便的服装,因此答案为lightweight。

3.【T2】

mosquitoes

解析:细节题。讲座第五段提到:Mosquitoes will be with you all the time.The only defence against them is to wear the fight kind of clothing.可见必须穿合适的衣服来防御蚊子,所以答案为mosquitoes。

4.【T3】

boot tops

解析:细节题。根据讲座第五段:The legs of the trousers should be put into your boot tops.可见为了防御蚊子叮咬,裤腿要塞进靴筒里,因此答案为boot tops。

5.【T4】

compass

解析:推断题。讲座第三段提到:Again and again you must check your position by the compass.可见指南针是用来判断方向的工具,所以答案为compass。

6.【T5】

mosquito net

解析:细节题。讲座第二段提到:So is a mosquito net to protect the head.可见蚊帐用来保护头部,所以答案为mosquito net。

7.【T6】

steady and even

解析:推断题。根据讲座第四段:A steady,even pace is wiser in the long run.可见在漫长的丛林旅程中,行走的步伐要稳健,所以答案为steady and even。

8.【T7】

Avoid haste

解析:细节题。讲座第四段提到:Avoid haste,and rest often.可见在丛林中避免仓促行事,要经常休息,因此答案为Avoid haste。

9.【T8】

streams and rivers

解析:细节题。根据讲座第四段:Whenever possible,it is wise to follow streams and rivers that are going in your general direction.可见在丛林中行走要沿着溪流或者河流的方向,所以答案为streams and rivers。

10.【T9】

dangerous/risky

解析:推断题。讲座第六段提到:Streams found near native villages are

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