口译三级实务模拟试卷41含答案解析

口译三级实务模拟试卷41

中英双向互译

1.Listen to the following dialogue and interpret it as required. After you hear a sentence or a short passage in Chinese, interpret it into English by speaking into the microphone. After you hear a sentence or a short passage in English, interpret it into Chinese. You may take notes while you are listening. You will hear the dialogue only once. Now, let’s begin.

下面你将听到一段关于京剧的对话。

A:昨天我看电视换台的时候看到一个人戴着一个面具,然后唱着些我以前从没听过的东西。我猜这是中国某种传统戏剧,你了解哪些中国的传统戏剧呢?

B: Sure, I don’t know what you were watching back then, but I can introduce the most famous national opera, Beijing Opera to you. Among over 360 ancient local operas in China, Beijing Opera is known as the national opera, despite its 200-year history. Although it is called Beijing Opera, the origins of it is not actually in Beijing but in the central and south areas of Anhui and Hubei in China.

A:那为什么又叫作京剧呢?是因为北京是你们的首都吗?

B: Not exactly. Beijing Opera is purely Chinese opera form dating back to the year 1790, when the famous four Anhui Opera Troupes first came to Beijing in celebration of the 80th birthday of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty. The tour was a hit so the troupes stayed. In 1828, some famous Hubei Opera Troupe players came to Beijing. That is how Beijing Opera started off.

A:有意思,你能再讲讲京剧里的表演吗?这些角色叫什么?他们分别扮演什么样的角色?

B: There are five main characters in Beijing Opera, and they are Sheng, Dan, Jing, Mo, and Chou. Sheng stands for a main male role, Dan for a young and beautiful female role, Jing for a painted-faced male role, and Chou for a male or female clown.

A:谢谢,谢谢你的介绍,我现在就要找一部京剧来看看。

解析:

英译汉

2.Interpret the following passage from English into Chinese. You may take notes while you are listening. You will hear the passage only once. Now, let’s begin.

下面你将听到一段奥巴马关于教育的讲话。

我说过教师的责任是激励和督促你们学习。我说过父母的责任是确保你们走在正路,完成作业,不要成天看电视或打游戏。我说过政府的责任是要制定高标准,支持教师和校长的工作,彻底改善不能为学生提供应有机会的、不合格的学校。

然而,就算我们可以拥有全世界最敬业的教师、最用心的家长和最优秀的学校——如果你们不承担起你们的责任,不到校上课,不专心听讲,不听家长、祖父祖母和其他大人的话,不付出成功所需的努力,那么这一切都毫无意义。这就是我今天讲话的重点:你们每个人都要对自己的教育尽责。

我首先要讲讲你们对自己应尽的责任。你们每个人都有自己的闪光点和独特的贡献。你们的责任就是把它们找出来。而教育能够帮你实现这点。

你或许以后会成为作家或记者——可能会写本书或在报纸上发表文章——但如果你没有完成英语课上布置的那篇作文,你可能不会知道自己能写好。你或许能成为一名变革家或发明家——甚至可能设计出下一代iPhone或研制出新药和疫苗——但如果你没有完成科学课的实验,你可能不会有这样的开始。你或许能成为一名市长或参议员或最高法院的大法官——但如果你没有参加学生会或辩论队,你可能不会发现自己的才华。

不论你有怎样的人生理想,我敢肯定你必须受教育才能实现它。你想当医生、教师或警官吗?你想当护士、建筑师、律师或军人吗?你必须接受良好的教育,才能胜任以上任何一种职业。你不可能退学后就这么随便撞上个好工作。你必须接受教育并努力学习。

你受教育这件事并非仅仅关乎你自己的人生和未来,而是关乎整个国家的未来。美国的未来就看你们的了。你们今日在学校所受的教育,决定了我们作为一个国家迎接未来最严峻挑战的成败。

(原文节选自2009年9月奥巴马关于《我们为什么要上学》的演讲)

解析:

汉译英

3.Interpret the following passage from Chinese into English. You may take notes while you are listening. You will hear the passage only once. Now, let’s begin.

下面你将听到一段在中美高端经贸对话会上的讲话。

Ladies and Gentlemen:

I want to thank the Asia Society and the China Center for International Economic Exchanges for inviting me to this important high-level dialogue. I also want to thank Mr. C. H. Tung for his inspirational keynote speech on China-U. S. relations. We are all grateful to him for traveling all the way from Hong Kong and share with us his important views.

The fact that this high-level dialogue has drawn such a distinguished audience shows how timely it is. Indeed, we are at a very important moment in China-U. S. relations — a moment that is challenging but promising. Challenging because we have unprecedented tasks before us, both in our relations and in the world at large. Promising because we have real historic opportunities to build a better and stronger relationship between our two important countries.

According to historians, there have been 16 cases in history so far where a \

解析:

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